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Waist hip ratio central obesity 2015: Early pregnancy waist-to-hip ratio and risk of preeclampsia: a prospective cohort study

Measuring the waist to hip ratio Waist to hip ratio cut-off levels Importance of reliable and accurate measurement of the waist to hip ratio Limitations of the waist to hip ratio Introduction to the waist to hip ratio The waist to hip ratio WHR is a simple measure of central obesity. Comparative analysis of anthropometric indices of obesity as correlates and potential predictors of risk for hypertension and prehypertension in a population in Nigeria.

William Murphy
Monday, August 6, 2018
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  • Abstract Objectives Despite recommendations that central obesity assessment should be employed as a marker of cardiometabolic health, no consensus exists regarding measurement protocol. Boeing, K.

  • Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Measuring the waist to hip ratio Waist to hip ratio cut-off levels Importance of reliable and accurate measurement of the waist to hip ratio Limitations of the waist to hip ratio Introduction to the waist to hip ratio The waist to hip ratio WHR is a simple measure of central obesity.

  • Results: Persons with normal-weight central obesity had the worst long-term survival.

Publication types

International comparisons showed that Greek adolescents had relatively high levels of abdominal obesity in early-middle adolescence but this did not persist at centdal age of 17 years. Waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-height ratio reference percentiles for abdominal obesity among Greek adolescents. A prime example of this is in older individuals. While women generally have a higher total and percentage body fat, it is more often located on their hips and thighs due to their pear-shaped bodies. Publication types Research Support, N.

Clinical evidence has obesify that in the Chinese population, the association of central obesity with diabetes is stronger than that of ordinary obesity [ 11 ]. In particular, we compared the discriminatory performance of WC measured at two locations immediately below the lowest rib, and between the lowest rib and iliac crestand variations of these measures, to address the hypothesis that the measurement site for central obesity affects its accuracy as a predictor of cardiometabolic risk. Version 2. For all four body fat-measuring indices of body mass index adjusted OR: 3. Hu, J. Wang, E. Delong, and D.

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Waist measurements should be taken as you breathe out. Central obesity in Yemeni children: A population based cross-sectional study. View 2 excerpts, cites background. Measuring the waist to hip ratio WHR is calculated by dividing waist circumference by hip circumference. Waist circumference measures abdominal and intra-abdominal fat. Rentoumis A. Excess abdominal fat, regardless of overall body fat, will predispose you to obesity-related disease.

Consistent with other research results [ 8112133 ], as phenotypic markers of total fat and regional obesity [ 34 ], WC and WHtR can identify individuals with lower central obesity weight but increased ectopic fat accumulation in order to prevent the development of diabetes [ 3536 ]. Evaluation of prediction models As presented in Table 3we examined prediction models for type 2 diabetes which included BMI and an additional central obesity measure. Some studies believe that WHtR can be used as the best indicator for undiagnosed type 2 diabetes [ 19 ]. BMC Public Health ; 4 : Our findings suggest that WC rib, rather than WC midway, is a better indicator of central obesity as it improves discrimination of type 2 diabetes within our population. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Greek school-aged children and adolescents.

References

Measuring the waist to hip ratio WHR is calculated by dividing waist circumference by hip circumference. Recipe: Apple coleslaw. Highly Influenced. Links Publisher Full Text.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 11 : The prevalence of obesity has escalated in many world populations [ 3 ]. Measurement of Waist Circumference Midabdominal or iliac crest? Risk of pre-eclampsia in first and subsequent pregnancies: prospective cohort study.

Participants were instructed to breathe in, and then out, and to hold their breath while measurement was made to the nearest obessity. Waist circumference in the prediction of obesity-related adverse pregnancy outcomes. The male to female ratio was 0. PubMed Google Scholar. Significant inverse relationships were also noted for height with triglyceride and glucose concentrations in men, while HDL-C was positively correlated with height in women. Garaulet, F. Diagnostic performance of body mass index to identify obesity as defined by body adiposity: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Publication types

Measurements: Multivariable Cox proportional hazards models were used to evaluate the relationship of obesity patterns defined by BMI and waist-to-hip ratio WHR and total and cardiovascular mortality risk after adjustment for confounding factors. View 1 excerpt, cites background. Peripheral obesity is the accumulation of excess fat in the buttocks, hips and thighs, whereas central obesity is an excess accumulation of fat in the abdominal area.

  • Waist-hip ratio is the dominant risk factor predicting cardiovascular death in Australia.

  • It is best to see your doctor to have a thorough examination that takes these factors into account.

  • Figure 5.

  • Landis G.

  • Hip circumference measures a different set of body components, such as muscle and bone mass, as well as fat.

Consequently, observed differences in discrimination for cardiometabolic disease mediators and type 2 diabetes suggest that central obesity should be independently evaluated as a cardiometabolic risk factor, and that its inclusion as a mandatory component of the metabolic syndrome may be appropriate [ 24 ]. These results are consistent with the results of cross-ethnic studies and case-control studies [ 1439 ], which have reported that high WC and WHtR are important risk factors for diabetes among women. Gao et al. De Oliveira, and E. Fat distribution and cardiovascular risk factors in obese adolescent girls: importance of the intraabdominal fat depot. All tests were two-tailed, and was considered statistically significant.

Measuring the waist to hip ratio WHR is calculated by dividing waist circumference by hip circumference. Chrousos GP. You should relax and not contract any abdominal muscles. Coronavirus Guidelines.

Partners and Accreditations This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. As lean muscle mass declines their BMI may not change, or may even decrease, but fat levels could be increasing with the accompanying redistribution of body fat. Two people with very similar BMIs may vary substantially in the proportion of abdominal fat. Eye care: Dr Joe Kosterich. View 6 excerpts, cites methods and background.

Related Citations

Hip circumference measures a different set of wajst components, such as muscle and bone mass, as well as fat. Due to the natural waist hip ratio central obesity 2015 in body shape and composition between different ethnicitiesthe cut-off points for determining central obesity are slightly different. As lean muscle mass declines their BMI may not change, or may even decrease, but fat levels could be increasing with the accompanying redistribution of body fat.

Relation between anthropometric datio and risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Jiang, M. BMI is an accepted anthropometric index that measures general obesity, 9 and it has been reported to be closely related to the risks of hypertension disorders and preeclampsia in pregnancy. Introduction Obesity is associated with dyslipidaemia, hypertension, insulin resistance and the development of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes [ 1 ], leading to a greater likelihood of premature death. Among these anthropometric indices, BMI had a more predictive value in preeclampsia. Additionally, the LR chi-squares were reduced in models including central obesity variables, indicating improved goodness-of-fit.

View more information about myVMC. Hip circumference measures a different set of body components, such as muscle and bone mass, as well as fat. The waist to hip ratio WHR is a simple measure of central obesity. Rentoumis A.

  • The results from previous research investigating different WC measurement criteria are conflicting. Pediatr Diabetes.

  • Results: Among the 5 central obesity indices, conicity index showed the most discriminatory power in estimation of a year CV risk.

  • Blood pressure measured in the clinic and at home during pregnancy among nulliparous and multiparous women: the BOSHI study. Received 27 Aug

  • Hossain, B. Body mass index BMI predicts an increased risk of developing hypertensive disorders and preeclampsia.

  • Women with normal-weight central obesity also had a higher mortality risk than those with similar BMI but no central obesity HR, 1. DOI:

You should relax and not contract any abdominal muscles. Has PDF. Expected survival estimates were consistently lower for those with central obesity when age and BMI were controlled for. There are three forms of obesity : peripheralcentral or a combination of both. Current Competitions. Medical Information.

We additionally evaluated ratio central obesity using Integrated Discrimination Improvement IDI analysis, which indicates the magnitude of improvement in the performance of a model by adding another variable [ 22 ]. These WHR cut-offs used in adults were not suitable to be used as a threshold for general obesity in our adolescents because of a low sensitivity demonstrated by ROC analysis. Conclusions In summary, our results indicate that measurement protocol for WC may be important for determining central obesity and assessing cardiometabolic health. Zeng, Y.

As measurement error may limit the minimal detectable difference in a parameter [ 26 ], it is possible that the higher discriminatory accuracy we observed may be due to greater measurement precision. Of these women, 4. Li, L. Informed consent was obtained from the women who agreed to participate in the study.

Limitations: Body fat distribution was central obesity 2015 based on anthropometric indicators alone. Nationally representative waist circumference percentiles in German wakst aged Fathers to be: What to pack for hospital. Excess abdominal fat, regardless of overall body fat, will predispose you to obesity-related disease. Abstract Background: The relationship between central obesity and survival in community-dwelling adults with normal body mass index BMI is not well-known.

Hot on Parenthub. Nationally representative waist hi percentiles in German adolescents aged Percentile curves for fat patterning in Waist hip ratio central obesity 2015 adolescents. Our results also showed WHR to be an almost comparable discriminator of CV disease risk in the Iranian study population. More Filters. Due to the natural variation in body shape and composition between different ethnicitiesthe cut-off points for determining central obesity are slightly different.

View 2 centrwl, cites results and background. Efthymiou V. There are three forms of obesity : peripheralcentral or a combination of both. For more information on obesity, health and social issues, and methods of weight loss, as well as some useful tools, see Weight Loss. Methods Citations. Waist circumference and waist-to-height ratio are better predictors of cardiovascular disease risk factors in children than body mass index.

MeSH terms

Pregnancy Hypertens ; 4 : 34— The development of waist circumference percentiles in British children aged 5. Virani N. Tests of calibration, goodness-of-fit and discrimination for prediction models to identify subjects with type 2 diabetes. Accepted 27 Apr

Highly Influential. View 6 excerpts, references results. Efthymiou V. Pear-shaped women carry weight mainly on their hips and thighs. Recipe: Apple coleslaw. Assessing waist circumference WC is also very useful, and sometimes more reliable.

  • He was an outstanding epidemiologist and an inspiring friend and colleague. Qi, A.

  • Validity of self-reported abdominal obesity in Thai adults: a comparison of waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-stature ratio. Citation Type.

  • V, Tessenderlo, Belgium].

  • DIY baby hand and feet moulds.

Hypothesis: Some obesity indices can be used to predict cardiovascular risk. Results: Persons with normal-weight central obesihy had the worst long-term survival. Alone, BMI is not enough to determine the risk of developing obesity-related conditions. Our results also showed WHR to be an almost comparable discriminator of CV disease risk in the Iranian study population. These reference percentile curves could be used provisionally for early detection of abdominal obesity in Greek adolescents aged years; WHtR of 0.

As lean muscle mass declines their BMI may not change, or may even decrease, but fat levels could be increasing with the accompanying redistribution of body fat. Results: Persons wwaist normal-weight central obesity had the worst long-term survival. Your doctor will also perform the standard measurement of overweight and obesitythe body mass index BMI. A prime example of this is in older individuals. Information on comorbidities was collected by self-report. Boys had significantly higher mean in all measures than girls, except for BMI where there was no statistical difference in terms of gender.

Acknowledgments The work on central obesity measurement procedure was led by the late Professor Jan Van den Broeck and this paper is dedicated to his memory. Supplementary Materials. Additionally, both measures may increase or decrease proportionally in an individual [ 35 ].

If you underestimate your WHR, you may incorrectly think that you are not at risk for a number of conditions and diseases. Measuring the waist to hip ratio WHR is calculated by dividing waist circumference by hip circumference. DIY baby hand and feet moulds. As lean muscle mass declines their BMI may not change, or may even decrease, but fat levels could be increasing with the accompanying redistribution of body fat. Background: Central obesity has been recognized as a main risk factor for cardiovascular CV events. Landis G. Medical Information.

  • Given the modest number of outcomes within our sample we did not adjust for multiple factors in analyses. Some studies believe that WHtR can be used as the best indicator for undiagnosed type 2 diabetes [ 19 ].

  • Waist circumference percentiles for 7- to year-old Turkish children and adolescents.

  • Diabetic Medicine. No patients were newly diagnosed with diabetes during the study.

  • Developing waist circumference, waist-to-height ratio percentile curves for Pakistani children and adolescents aged 2—18 years using Lambda-Mu-Sigma LMS method. Excess abdominal fat distribution is indicated by a WHR greater than 0.

Chrousos GP. Percentile curves for fat patterning in German adolescents. Current Competitions. International comparisons showed that Greek adolescents had relatively high levels of abdominal obesity in early-middle adolescence but this did not persist at the age of 17 years. Figures, Tables, and Topics from this paper.

Six reasons why the waist-to-height ratio is a rapid and effective global indicator for centdal risks of obesity and how its use could simplify the international public health message on obesity. Waist circumference was measured midway between the lowest border of rib cage and the upper border of iliac crest, at the end of normal expiration [ 18 ]. Clin Nutr. Baraza et al. This finding was verified in our representative sample of Greek adolescents.

Introduction

Clinical Lipidology. Central obesity measures have been proposed as stand-alone, pre-screening tools [ 33 ] for use in high-risk populations to enable clinicians to detect those who might benefit from further diagnostic or therapeutic procedures [ 4142 ]. This was a cross-sectional study involving a random sample of 2, men and women aged years. Breakfast skipping and its relation to BMI and health-compromising behaviours among Greek adolescents. Jin, F.

  • Greek adolescents had higher WC values compared to South Indian, Polish and Norwegian adolescents at all ages except at the age of 17 years, where WC dropped to lower levels.

  • Has PDF.

  • Gestational age was estimated from the date of the last menstrual period.

  • View 2 excerpts, cites background. View 6 excerpts, cites methods and background.

  • A prime example of this is in older individuals. Of Interest This Week.

Garaulet, F. Waist hip ratio central obesity 2015, and Y. Adipose tissue is distributed mainly in the upper body nape of neck, shoulders, epigastrium in boys, whereas in girls peripheral fat accumulation in the lower body predominates. Table 1. Consistent with previous literature in adolescents [ 11131722 - 29 ], WC showed an increasing trend with age among both girls and boys. WC rib is more easily determined and offers a more practical method for use within healthcare practice and epidemiological research, and would be equally suitable for self-assessment. Results A total of women completed the study.

These results are consistent with the results of cross-ethnic studies and case-control studies [ 1439 ], which have reported that high Centrla and WHtR are important risk factors for diabetes among women. Anthropometric data were waist hip ratio central obesity 2015 by appropriately trained health professionals that used the same anatomic sites of measurements. Central obesity measures have been proposed as stand-alone, pre-screening tools [ 33 ] for use in high-risk populations to enable clinicians to detect those who might benefit from further diagnostic or therapeutic procedures [ 4142 ]. Obes Res. Respondents who were unwilling to participate in the survey or judged to be very frail were excluded. Fasting plasma glucose concentrations were determined using a glucose hexokinase assay Olympus Life and Material Science Europa Ltd. The data on pregnancy outcomes were collected from the hospital maternity records.

Accepted : 17 April View Article Google Scholar. Accessed 5 Jan All tests were two-tailed, and was considered statistically significant. Gao et al. The mean waist and hip circumferences at recruitment were

They may still have a large at-risk waist circumference, but their ratio may not correctly identify central obesity. The standard measurement of overweight and obesity is the body mass index BMI. Related Papers. View 1 excerpt, references background.

Alcohol: Responsible drinking. Published in BMC Pediatrics Has PDF. It is best to see your doctor to have a thorough examination that takes these factors into account. The fat can then be released into the blood ; this process is responsible for most of the negative health consequences associated with obesity, such as: Type 2 diabetes ; Glucose intolerance ; High blood pressure ; Endometrial cancer ; Artherosclerosis ; Insulin resistance; Altered metabolic profile; Metabolic syndrome ; Cardiovascular disease ; Obesity-related lipid disorders e.

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Abstract Background: The relationship between central waist hip ratio central obesity 2015 and survival in community-dwelling adults with normal body mass index Rstio is not well-known. Background Citations. Tags Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter. Central obesity in Yemeni children: A population based cross-sectional study. Secular change in waist circumference and waist-height ratio and optimal cutoff of waist-height ratio for abdominal obesity among Korean children and adolescents over 10 years. A prime example of this is in older individuals. Validity of self-reported abdominal obesity in Thai adults: a comparison of waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-stature ratio.

This highlights the importance of measuring WHR. Make sure you are measuring yourself correctly. View 1 excerpt, references background. By clicking accept or continuing to use the site, you agree to the terms outlined in our Privacy PolicyTerms of Serviceand Dataset License. Measurements: Multivariable Cox proportional hazards models were used to evaluate the relationship of obesity patterns defined by BMI and waist-to-hip ratio WHR and total and cardiovascular mortality risk after adjustment for confounding factors.

View 7 excerpts, cites methods and background. Women with normal-weight central obesity waist hip ratio central obesity 2015 had a higher mortality risk than those with similar BMI but no central obesity HR, 1. Validity of self-reported abdominal obesity in Thai adults: a comparison of waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-stature ratio. Hypothesis: Some obesity indices can be used to predict cardiovascular risk. Of Interest This Week. Semantic Scholar Semantic Scholar's Logo.

Save to Library Save. Citation Type. How does the waist to hip ratio compare to other obesity measurements? Both the WC and the WHR have their individual strengths and weaknesses and both are usually measured in a clinical evaluation. Men naturally have an apple shape, and carry excess weight in their abdominal region.

Pear-shaped women carry weight mainly on their hips and thighs. View 2 waist hip ratio central obesity 2015, references background. Waist circumference percentiles for 7- to year-old Ratoo children and adolescents. International comparisons showed that Greek adolescents had relatively high levels of abdominal obesity in early-middle adolescence but this did not persist at the age of 17 years. Some features of the site may not work correctly. Bacopoulou F, et al.

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All obesity measures were gender-standardised and separate and stratified binary logistic regression models were used to compare index associations with cardiometabolic risk features and type 2 diabetes, yip for age. Clin Nutr. Obesity and the metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents. Kennedy et al. These curves represent the first attempt to develop smoothed percentile curves for those indices and to suggest Greek cut offs for defining abdominal obesity in this population. The mean age of the participants was. Women with normal-weight central obesity also had a higher mortality risk than those with similar BMI but no central obesity HR, 1.

Medical waist hip ratio central obesity 2015 of Australia. Bars represent AUC values. The blood samples were collected from the subjects in the morning after an overnight fast at least 8 hours and transported to the same laboratory Changchun Kingmed Center for Clinical Laboratory Co. Influence of parity and age on ambulatory monitored blood pressure during pregnancy. While only requiring a flexible measuring tape, midway WC is difficult to obtain as it requires the identification of two bony landmarks, a computed distance between the two, and a circumference evaluation—essentially four separate measurements.

To use contemporary data, only surveys conducted from the year onwards were included. Mao, K. Materials and Methods 2. Wang et al. The obesity paradox: body mass index and outcomes in patients with heart failure. View Article Google Scholar.

Journal of Diabetes Research

A study has reported that Waist to height ratio is a simple and effective obesity screening tool for cardiovascular risk factors: analysis of data from the British National Diet and Nutrition Survey of adults aged 19—64 years. The incidence has been reported as 3. Statistical analysis The distribution of each metabolic characteristic was assessed using Shapiro-Wilk and Kolmogorov-Smirnov statistics.

This was a cross-sectional study involving a random sample of 2, men and women aged years. Of these anthropometric indices, BMI had greater predictive value in preeclampsia. Received : 29 April Regardless of controversies surrounding WC measurement protocol, both advantages and disadvantages exist regarding the general application of central obesity assessment within clinical practice. The aim of this study was to develop age- and gender-specific WC, WHR and WHtR smoothed reference percentiles for abdominal obesity among Greek adolescents 12—17 years of age, to compare them to worldwide curves generated for other adolescent populations and to investigate possible WHR and WHtR cut-offs for detecting general obesity as defined by the IOTF. Hendryx, D. Categorical features are presented as percentages and continuous data are shown as a mean, plus or minus one standard deviation, or a median and interquartile range.

Abstract Background: Central obesity has been waist hip ratio central obesity 2015 as a main risk factor for cardiovascular CV events. Hip circumference measures a different set of body components, such as muscle and bone mass, as well as fat. Conclusion: Normal-weight central obesity defined by WHR is associated with higher mortality than BMI-defined obesity, particularly in the absence of central fat distribution. BMC Pediatrics15 The fat can then be released into the blood ; this process is responsible for most of the negative health consequences associated with obesity, such as:. Semantic Scholar Semantic Scholar's Logo.

When the optimum cut-off point of WHR was 0. The laboratory finished the blood examinations within 8 hours after receiving waist hip ratio central obesity 2015 samples and provided daily quality control charts. Midway WC WC midway was measured between the lowest rib and iliac crest on bare skin. Abstract Backgrounds. Stratified sampling by age and sex was employed to recruit equal numbers of men and women from all registered attending patients in the 50—69 year age group.

View 7 excerpts, cites methods and background. Chrousos GP. View 1 excerpt, cites background. Make sure you are measuring yourself correctly. Developing waist circumference, waist-to-height ratio percentile curves for Pakistani children and adolescents aged 2—18 years using Lambda-Mu-Sigma LMS method. WHR is not the only measure of abdominal obesity.

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In this study we examined waist hip ratio central obesity 2015 range of anthropometric variables and their relationships with metabolic risk phenotypes, including lipid and lipoprotein levels, high blood pressure, insulin resistance, impaired fasting glucose, a clustering of metabolic risk features and type 2 diabetes, in a random sample of 2, middle-aged men and women. Reduced associations for WHR were also observed by Schneider et al. The subjects were followed prospectively until delivery. Waist circumference percentile thresholds for identifying adolescents with insulin resistance in clinical practice. Arq Bras Cardiol ; 94 : —

View 1 excerpt. You are at risk for developing the following conditions:. It is best to waish your doctor to have a thorough examination that takes these factors into account. Landis G. Share This Paper. This is an especially dangerous place for fat to build up because it is closely located to the vital organs and their blood supply.

An individual may have a dangerous level of abdominal fat, but the WHR central obesity be hard to determine if the hip circumference is especially large. This is an especially dangerous place for fat to build up because it is closely located to the vital organs and their blood supply. Waist circumference and waist for height percentiles in urban South Indian children aged 3—16 years. Share This Paper. Waist measurements should be taken as you breathe out. Waist-to-height ratio, waist circumference and BMI as indicators of percentage fat mass and cardiometabolic risk factors in children aged years.

Background

Zhao, F. For all four body fat-measuring indices of body mass index waist hip ratio central obesity 2015 OR: 3. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey. Background The worldwide prevalence of overweight OW and obesity OB in children and adolescents has reached worrying levels. Some studies believe that WHtR can be used as the best indicator for undiagnosed type 2 diabetes [ 19 ].

Two people rwtio very similar BMIs may vary waist hip ratio central obesity 2015 in the proportion of abdominal fat. Prime PubMed is provided free to individuals by: Unbound Medicine. Developing waist circumference, waist-to-height ratio percentile curves for Pakistani children and adolescents aged 2—18 years using Lambda-Mu-Sigma LMS method. Such reference data are lacking for Greek adolescents. Efthymiou V. Please be aware that we do not give advice on your individual medical condition, if you want advice please see your treating physician.

Waist circumference percentiles for 7- to year-old Turkish children and adolescents. Since diabetes increases the risk of microvascular obesiity macrovascular complications and premature death in the general population, there is an urgent need for accurate assessment of methods for diabetes prevention, early detection, and diagnosis [ 6 ]. AGA technical review on obesity. Obesity is defined as a condition of excessive body fat, and it is usually assessed by BMI. Zhang, Z. Maternal superobesity and perinatal outcomes.

Both the WC and the WHR have their individual strengths and weaknesses and both are usually measured waizt a clinical evaluation. Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Abstract Background: The relationship between central obesity and survival in community-dwelling adults with normal body mass index BMI is not well-known. Make sure you are measuring yourself correctly.

  • In conclusion, data from this investigation suggested that an appropriate maternal BMI Respondents who were unwilling to participate in the survey or judged to be very frail were excluded.

  • Women with normal-weight central obesity also had a higher mortality risk than those with similar BMI but no central obesity HR, 1. Abstract Background: The relationship between central obesity and survival in community-dwelling adults with normal body mass index BMI is not well-known.

  • The chi-square test was used to compare the difference in diabetes prevalence between different groups. Current smokers referred to participants who revealed the use of any type of tobacco product during the interview.

  • This finding was verified in our representative sample of Greek adolescents.

  • Related Papers. The fat can then be released into the blood ; this process is responsible for most of the negative health consequences associated with obesity, such as:.

  • Validity of self-reported abdominal obesity in Thai adults: a comparison of waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-stature ratio. View 7 excerpts, references background and results.

Anthropometric variables Anthropometric measurements were taken by researchers who were thoroughly trained according to the study research protocols [ 16 ]. Zhu, H. Li, L. Kennedy et al.

Please be aware that we do central obesity give advice on your individual medical condition, if you want advice please see your treating physician. Excess abdominal fat, regardless of overall body fat, will predispose you to obesity-related disease. View 2 excerpts, cites results and background. Citation Type. Tags Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter. You are at risk for developing the following conditions:.

The ability of selected indices to discriminate three or more cardiometabolic risk features and type 2 diabetes was measured using receiver operating characteristic curve ROC analysis. WC rib measures displayed the strongest associations with non-optimal lipid and lipoprotein levels, high blood pressure, insulin resistance, impaired fasting glucose, a clustering of metabolic risk features and type 2 diabetes, in both genders. Partial correlations 1 between anthropometric measurements and cardiometabolic variables, stratified by gender. Although WC rib measures demonstrated stronger relationships with metabolic variables, consistent with previous research [ 11 ], our study also revealed that anthropometric associations with a majority of cardiometabolic risk factors and type 2 diabetes were reduced in men. Having three or more cardiometabolic risk features was characterised as any combination of these variables. Among these anthropometric indices, BMI had a more predictive value in preeclampsia. Though our findings are of potential public health and clinical significance, several limitations should be considered.

Statistical analysis The distribution of each metabolic characteristic was assessed using Shapiro-Wilk and Kolmogorov-Smirnov statistics. Jin, F. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to calculate the standard deviation and OR for each anthropometric variable. Article Google Scholar.

Smoothed waist-to-hip ratio WHR percentile curves for Greek adolescents. Our findings suggest that WC rib, rather than WC midway, is a better indicator of central obesity as it improves discrimination of type 2 diabetes within our population. Hip circumference was measured at the widest point over the buttocks. As presented in Table 3we examined prediction models for type 2 diabetes which included BMI and an additional central obesity measure. The HL test showed P values that were non-significant, suggesting that model fits were acceptable. Public Health Nutr.

Cenntral doctor will also perform the standard measurement of overweight and obesitythe body mass index BMI. You are at risk for developing the following conditions:. Landis G. Developing waist circumference, waist-to-height ratio percentile curves for Pakistani children and adolescents aged 2—18 years using Lambda-Mu-Sigma LMS method. Percentile curves for fat patterning in German adolescents. The score from the WHR predicts the risk of developing several conditions associated with excess abdominal fat.

  • For the adolescents aged 12—17 years the reported mean BMIs ranged from Download citation.

  • You should see your doctor for an evaluation if you think you carry excess weight in your abdominal region.

  • Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis ; 19 : —

  • Hot on Parenthub. View 2 excerpts, cites results and background.

Create Alert Alert. Some features of the site may not work correctly. Links Publisher Full Text. All you need to measure your WHR is a measuring tape. Abstract Background: The relationship between central obesity and survival in community-dwelling adults with normal body mass index BMI is not well-known. Publication types Research Support, N.

Adams, and J. 205 the first stage of sampling, 30 villages and 10 towns were randomly selected from villages rural and 14 towns urban in Dehui City using the probability proportional to size PPS sampling method. Table 3. Search Search articles by subject, keyword or author. Another limitation was the lower participating rate of boys vs. Such reference data are lacking for Greek adolescents. The 3rd, 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, 90th and 97th percentiles were calculated to be in agreement with the official Greek BMI curves for adolescents [ 19 ].

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