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Successful childhood obesity interventions – Interventions for treating obesity in children

Prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of overweight and obesity in a large Pan-European cohort of preschool children and their families: the ToyBox study.

William Murphy
Saturday, May 19, 2018
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  • In an environment characterized by super-sized portions and sedentary lifestyles, it is challenging for children to maintain healthy weights.

  • Tailoring interventions to fit the needs of a specific population group, as done in the study by Benjamins et al. PloS One.

  • Metrics details.

Interventions at school

BMC Public Health. The initiative included eight program areas: nutrition services, health education, physical education, school health services, counseling and psychological services, healthy school environment, school site health promotion for staff, and family and community involvement. This approach requires the active involvement and participation of teachers. In a laboratory study, L.

  • Article Google Scholar 5. In other words, they may come to see physical activity as a chore, akin to cleaning their rooms to earn allowance or avoid punishment, rather than as a pleasurable, chosen pursuit.

  • Global status report on noncommunicable diseases

  • This characteristic might have made a difference for its popularity and effectiveness. Effects of decreasing sedentary behavior and increasing activity on weight change in obese children.

  • Eur J Clin Nutr. Many interventions have shown promising results, which were supported by a number of effective and high-impact strategies.

  • Selection criteria To be included, studies had to be original experimental controlled studies with school-based interventions aiming to prevent obesity in primary school-aged children from any country, published between and Januaryin English. Health Twin City Hospital Corp.

  • The sample size varied across the studies, ranging from to participants.

It is also important for parents to model an active, healthful lifestyle. The increase in the prevalence of child obesity in Europe is itself increasing. CPL and OA constructed the search strategy for review and they also read and selected articles. Organization WH.

Evaluation and treatment of childhood obesity. Effects of a school based intervention to promote healthy habits in children years old, living in the lowland area of Bologna Local Health Unit. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not successful childhood obesity interventions by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. Obesity Facts. Results The studies included in the current analysis have been summarized in Table 1 outlining the target population, intervention strategies and design, measures, outcomes, and findings relevant to obesity prevention. Table 1 Overview of the publications included in the review Full size table. Both the development and the implementation methodology of the research, as well as the barriers, challenges and possible facilitators should be encouraged to be thoroughly recorded and published in order to inform the scientific community on the feasibility and sustainability of implementing interventions in real life situations.

Dietary treatment successful childhood obesity interventions obese children and adolescents should aim to ensure adequate growth and development by reducing excessive fat mass accumulation, avoiding loss of lean body mass, improving well-being and self-esteem, and preventing cyclical weight regain. Organization WH. In order to avoid repetition of already proven to be effective strategies and in order to extract new meaningful results from the existing literature, the current review goes one step further in the identification of effective strategies by incorporating those already known to be effective as inclusion criteria. A school- and community-based intervention to promote healthy lifestyle and prevent type 2 diabetes in vulnerable families across Europe: design and implementation of the Feel4Diabetes-study. Its significant effect might derive from the fact that among several targets and in contrast to most frameworks it also aims at improving employee wellness.

Publication types

We also reviewed consumer health informatics interventions. More than 30 percent of American children and adolescents are overweight or obese. Sharma M. Article Google Scholar 6.

Basic principles include providing a variety of foods, offering ample grains, vegetables and fruits, and limiting obdsity saturated fat and cholesterol. Effective strategies in childhood obesity prevention interventions at the primary-school setting: A narrative review for the development of the Feel4Diabetes-study intervention. Using the aforementioned search strategy publications were identified. This article has been published as part of BMC Endocrine Disorders, Volume 20 Supplement 2, Designing, implementing and evaluating a community-based intervention to prevent diabetes in vulnerable families across Europe. This characteristic might have made a difference for its popularity and effectiveness. To facilitate children's replacement of sedentary behaviors with physical activity, parents should set up opportunities for physical activity.

The flowchart of the publication identification process is presented in Fig. BMC Pediatr. Early childhood is considered to provide a unique opportunity to establish lifestyle sucfessful such as healthy eating habits, physical activity and limited sedentary time that will promote health and minimize the risk of obesity. Results from a child obesity intervention study suggests that simply reducing this time will likely result in weight loss. Full size image. Studies published between and January were retrieved from scientific electronic databases and grey literature.

Predicting obesity in young adulthood from childhood and parental obesity. The CDC Guide to Breastfeeding Interventions provides state and local community members information obesity interventions choose the breastfeeding intervention strategy that best meets their needs. Contact us Submission enquiries: bmcendocrinedisorders biomedcentral. JANPA — the Joint Action on Nutrition and Physical Activity — has been a European initiative aimed at identifying and collecting successful strategies to prevent overweight in children and adolescents.

Related Files

Public Health Nutr. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. BMC Endocr Disord 20, 52 Similarly, parents should avoid consoling children with food.

  • Tracking of childhood overweight into adulthood: a systematic review of the literature.

  • Adv Nutr.

  • After school, early childhood, and coordinated school health programs also available.

  • JANPA — the Joint Action on Nutrition and Physical Activity — has been a European initiative aimed at identifying and collecting successful strategies to prevent overweight in children and adolescents.

  • The flowchart of the publication identification process is presented in Fig. Manios Y, Kafatos A.

  • Full size image. Worldwide trends in childhood overweight and obesity.

So, how to prevent and tackle childhood obesity? School-based interventions are vital in the prevention of the globally rising childhood obesity. Manios Y, Kafatos A. Cite this article Lambrinou, CP.

  • Based on research indicating that the involvement of parents in addressing nutrition, physical activity and sedentary behavior in children is essential, the current review only included interventions that involved parents [ 1822 ]. On the other hand, the current review goes beyond the existing literature by applying specific inclusion criteria that have been linked to increased effectiveness and thus, focusing on the most effective programs to extract the best intervention strategies, contributing to the updating of the literature.

  • Int J Pediatr Obes. Apart from the already mentioned recommendations that have been used as inclusion criteria in the present review, several strategies have been proven efficacious, i.

  • Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology.

  • In low-SES areas or in migrant population groups, interventions should focus on school policy and environmental changes, parental engagement and interactive team activities, rather than the educational part of the intervention.

Motivational incentives e. Received : 14 March Obes Facts. Consent for publication Not applicable. Type 2 diabetes incidence and socio-economic position: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Multiple strategies are used in effective interventions, highlighting the fact that a one-size-fits-all approach is not applicable in childhood obesity prevention intervention programs development and that many different strategies can be effective. CPL and OA constructed the search strategy for review and they also read and selected articles.

Fighting an epidemic: the role of schools in reducing childhood obesity. To date, many programs have been developed in order to prevent obesity in children. Global status report on noncommunicable diseases Various behavioral theories, models and frameworks have been utilized for the development of the studied school-based interventions. On the other hand, BMI was the most commonly used clinical outcome assessed. Moreover, teachers acting as role-models and getting actively involved in all targeted EBRBs has been highlighted as another effective strategy. Moreover, habits learnt at a young age have a good chance to survive through to adulthood, and there may also be a positive effect through a child influencing the health behaviours of the family.

Structured Abstract

This study has interventions important implications. Its significant effect ibesity derive from the fact that among several targets and in contrast to most frameworks it also aims at improving employee wellness. Selection strategy and data extraction procedures The flowchart of the publication identification process is presented in Fig. Article Google Scholar 4. Although there are many interventions targeting childhood obesity prevention, only few have demonstrated positive results.

  • In other words, they may come to see physical activity as a chore, akin to cleaning their rooms to earn allowance or avoid punishment, rather than as a pleasurable, chosen pursuit.

  • Google Scholar 9.

  • Public Health Nutr. In all cases the aim was to encourage changes at the home environment as well in order to further promote the targeted behaviors e.

  • Google Scholar.

  • Part 1.

Restrict marketing for unhealthy food Prohibit all advertising directed at children under 18 years in child welfare and child protection institutions, kindergartens, elementary schools and their dormitories. BMC Endocr Disord 20, 52 In Europe, the trend of childhood obesity is following the same pattern, with its prevalence increasing across most European countries [ 4 ], especially in low-to-middle-income countries LMICs and in vulnerable groups [ 56 ]. Google Scholar 9. Despite the aforementioned advantages, the overall impact of school-based interventions is questionable and generalizable recommendations cannot be easily extracted [ 2 ]. Correspondence to Yannis Manios. Many of those lifestyle habits are established in schools and kindergarten, where children spend most of their time.

  • Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. Effectiveness of a school-based program focusing on diet and health habits taught through physical exercise.

  • Contact us Submission enquiries: bmcendocrinedisorders biomedcentral.

  • Article Google Scholar 2. Article Google Scholar 4.

  • Food, nutrition, physical activity, and the prevention of cancer: a global perspective: Amer Inst for Cancer research;

This article will help you to inetrventions successful measures that can impact the healthiness of your school or successful childhood obesity interventions. Regarding school policies, several strategies such as the increased water accessibility, the free provision of fruits, the availability of only healthy options in the school cafeteria and the removal of vending machines seem to be efficacious strategies. Previous reviews on the same field were used as a basis for the current review and the inclusion criteria applied [ 182224 ]. Give feedback to children with overweight and their parents with leaflets and online resources to promote healthy life style practices.

We abstracted data on comparisons of obesiy versus control. N Engl J Med. A school- and community-based intervention to promote healthy lifestyle and prevent type 2 diabetes in vulnerable families across Europe: design and implementation of the Feel4Diabetes-study. Restrict marketing for unhealthy food Prohibit all advertising directed at children under 18 years in child welfare and child protection institutions, kindergartens, elementary schools and their dormitories.

Background

Pedometer data confirmed that students were more active interevntions school after program implementation than before successful childhood obesity interventions program, with an increase of approximately steps per day. Golan and colleagues found that treatments that involve only the parent are associated with better childhood weight control than those treatments that involve only the child. Programs that focused only on educational sessions and material for parents, without promoting relevant environmental and policy changes, were found to be less effective. Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology.

  • Dietary treatment of obese children and adolescents should aim to ensure adequate growth and development by reducing excessive fat mass accumulation, avoiding loss of lean body mass, improving well-being and self-esteem, and preventing cyclical weight regain.

  • Conclusions Several effective strategies were identified in the reviewed programs. Monitor and screen for children have developed overweight.

  • The aim of this review is to summarize the most effective types of intervention for treating obesity in children and adolescents.

  • Prev Med. Organization WH.

  • Epub Jun Effectiveness of the healthy lifestyles Programme HeLP to prevent obesity in UK primary-school children: a cluster randomised controlled trial.

The current review aimed to successful childhood and evaluate available school-based intervention studies with family involvement targeting dietary, physical activity and sedentary behaviors among primary successfuo and their families, in order to identify the most effective strategies. These diseases, also known as non-communicable diseases NCDscan cause premature mortality as well as long-term morbidity. Ten-year follow-up of the Cretan Health and Nutrition Education Program on children's physical activity levels. Examples include offering nutrition education, introducing compulsory physical activity classes, and making sure that healthy meals are always available Table 1. Supplementary information. Together, the reviewers graded the strength of the evidence SOE supporting interventions--diet, physical activity, or both--in each setting for the outcomes of interest.

Multiple strategies are used in effective interventions, highlighting the fact that a one-size-fits-all approach is not intedventions in childhood obesity prevention intervention programs development and that many different strategies can be effective. New England Journal of Medicine, BMC Public Health. Obesity Facts. Besides, surgical procedures have been used to treat severe morbid obesity in children and adolescents when more conservative treatments have proven to be inadequate. Health Psychology, 14 2 ,

Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Extracted data included: author, year of publication, project name, country, participant data, intervention duration, theory used and strategies implemented as described in the methodology of the relevant successful childhood obesity interventions, outcomes as well as follow-up period if available. Tailoring interventions to fit the needs of a specific population group, as done in the study by Benjamins et al. As previously described, primary schools seem to be the ideal setting for childhood obesity prevention interventions since it offers many opportunities for physical activity promotion and nutrition education and reduction of sedentary behavior through practice, policy, and a supportive environment [ 18 ]. PubMed Google Scholar. This is further supported by the fact that, as a results of these behaviours, childhood obesity tracks into adulthood with overweight preschool children being more likely to become overweight adults in comparison to their normal-weight peers [ 1112131415 ]. On the other hand, about half of the projects 11 out of 27 did not mention whether their intervention was based on a theoretical model.

Effects successful childhood obesity interventions a school based intervention to promote healthy habits in children years old, living in the lowland area of Bologna Local Health Unit. Food production: A sustainable food supply. Still, having a significant effect on clinical outcomes is not always feasible even in well-designed interventions, especially in this age group. Availability of data and materials Not applicable. Physical activity interventions in a school-based setting with a family component or diet and physical activity interventions in a school-based setting with home and community components have the most evidence for effectiveness.

The collaboration with community stakeholders, local community and school policy and media in every aspect of a health promotion project targeting physical activity, healthier diet or both has been also highlighted as an important contributor to the implementation fidelity, and thus effectiveness, of the intervention, also providing the basis for a sustainable approach. Various behavioral theories, models and frameworks have been utilized for the development of the studied school-based interventions. In-class material workbooks, posters, manuals was used to facilitate the process. Cdc-pdf [PDF

Global school-based childhood obesity interventions: a review. Project Intevrentions whole-region primary school nutrition and physical activity programme; evaluation of body size and fitness 5 years after the randomised controlled trial. People using assistive technology may not be able to fully access information in these files. We quantitatively pooled the results of studies that were sufficiently similar.

Breadcrumb

Restrict marketing for unhealthy food Prohibit all advertising directed at children under 18 years in child welfare and child protection institutions, kindergartens, elementary schools and their dormitories. Manios Y, Kafatos A. In general, integrated approaches — where physical activities and nutrition education are both implemented in schools — have the highest potential in preventing weight gain in children. Food, nutrition, physical activity, and the prevention of cancer: a global perspective: Amer Inst for Cancer research; N Engl J Med.

Ann Ig. Obesity in children and young people: a crisis in public health. Effectiveness of the healthy lifestyles Programme HeLP to prevent obesity in UK primary-school children: a cluster randomised controlled trial. Email Address.

Psychological interventions have been employed in an effort to achieve long-term maintenance of behavioural change. After all, a child cannot snack on chips and candy without a junk food-stocked pantry. Jackson-Leach R, Lobstein T. If parents eat in response to stress or sadness, children may imitate these practices. The increase in the prevalence of child obesity in Europe is itself increasing.

Supplemental Navigation

Successful programmes to reduce childhood overweight and obesity Last Updated : 03 May Are you a city mayor, a school principal, or an active parent who cares about a healthy environment for your children? Ann Successful childhood. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. Availability of data and materials Not applicable. Multiple strategies are used in effective interventions, highlighting the fact that a one-size-fits-all approach is not applicable in childhood obesity prevention intervention programs development and that many different strategies can be effective.

In fact, a study by M. Download references. Wrotniak, B. Accepted : 23 March BMJ Clinical research ed. Article Google Scholar 4. Prevention of overweight and obesity in children under the age of 6 years.

Monitor the numbers, content and placement of vending machines. Received interventiohs 14 March successful childhood obesity interventions Tailoring lifestyle interventions to low socio-economic populations: a qualitative study. In addition, the setting in which the intervention was implemented was also extracted in order to identify strategies that proved to be effective in low-SES areas or in vulnerable groups.

Article Google Scholar 2. The authors declare that they have no further competing interests. Tracking of childhood overweight into adulthood: a systematic review of the literature. Section Navigation.

Health and nutrition education in primary schools in Crete: 10 years follow-up successful childhood obesity interventions serum lipids, physical activity and macronutrient intake. New England Journal of Medicine, A school- and community-based intervention to promote healthy lifestyle and prevent type 2 diabetes in vulnerable families across Europe: design and implementation of the Feel4Diabetes-study. In addition, the setting in which the intervention was implemented was also extracted in order to identify strategies that proved to be effective in low-SES areas or in vulnerable groups. Google Scholar.

Correspondence to Yannis Manios. This can create an environment of shame around eating, childhood obesity definition can contribute to unhealthful patterns. Moreover, teachers acting as role-models and getting actively involved in all targeted EBRBs has been highlighted as another intervwntions strategy. Since schools mainly focus on academic achievement, many teachers find it difficult to include extracurricular modules into the already tight schedule. In low-SES areas or in migrant population groups, interventions should focus on school policy and environmental changes, parental engagement and interactive team activities, rather than the educational part of the intervention. Effective strategies in childhood obesity prevention interventions at the primary-school setting: A narrative review for the development of the Feel4Diabetes-study intervention. Parents were approached via several methods, i.

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Obesity Silver Spring, Md. Multiple strategies are used in effective interventions, successful childhood obesity interventions the fact that a one-size-fits-all approach is not unterventions in childhood obesity prevention intervention programs development and that many different strategies can be effective. After removing duplicates and a first title screening articles remained. Eight-year follow-up of school-based intervention on childhood overweight--the Kiel Obesity Prevention Study. Six studies tested consumer health informatics interventions. Epub Feb Part 1.

Demonstrated Success Tested in succeseful setting Audience tested: Conducted with 1, 3rd-5th graders from 41 schools in seven American Indian nations Increases in knowledge and cultural identity in intervention when compared to control schools Retention successful childhood obesity interventions knowledge over three years Lowered the percent of energy from fat in school lunches Program name: Project LEAN Leaders Encouraging Activity and Nutrition Change type: Individual; PSE Description: Focuses on youth empowerment, policy and environmental change strategies, and community-based solutions. Sharma M. Health and nutrition education in primary schools in Crete: 10 years follow-up of serum lipids, physical activity and macronutrient intake. Several interventions succeeded in improving BMI, while some that did not showed an effect on other important adiposity measures, i. Four-year follow-up of school-based intervention on overweight children: the KOPS study.

Background

Because of preliminary success with elementary students, the program was adapted for use with middle school students. Download PDF. Adv Nutr. J Phys Act Health. In addition, the setting in which the intervention was implemented was also extracted in order to identify strategies that proved to be effective in low-SES areas or in vulnerable groups.

BMC Inetrventions Health. Results The studies included in the current analysis have been summarized in Table 1 outlining the target population, intervention strategies and design, measures, outcomes, and findings relevant to obesity prevention. The current review served as a part of the PRECEDE phase of this specific theoretical model and its outcomes were utilized in the development of the Feel4Diabetes school- and community-based intervention. The strength of the evidence is either low or insufficient for the remainder of the interventions and settings.

A complementary search was executed to update ihterventions review to cover the period from February to January New England Journal of Medicine, Sharma M. Being overweight or obese has serious health consequences, especially for children. To be included, studies had to be original experimental controlled studies with school-based interventions aiming to prevent obesity in primary school-aged children from any country, published between and Januaryin English. Organization WH. Rather than singling out overweight children for special diets and exercise regimens, all family members are encouraged to develop more healthful habits.

Cite this article Lambrinou, CP. Successful childhood obesity interventions can create an environment of shame around siccessful, which can contribute to unhealthful patterns. To be included, studies had to be original experimental controlled studies with school-based interventions aiming to prevent obesity in primary school-aged children from any country, published between and Januaryin English. Health Psychology, 14 2 Programs that focused only on educational sessions and material for parents, without promoting relevant environmental and policy changes, were found to be less effective.

Trends in obesity and severe obesity prevalence in us youth and adults by sex and age, to obesity interventions Both reviewers assessed the risk of bias for each study. Various behavioral theories, models and frameworks have been utilized for the development of the studied school-based interventions. More than 30 percent of American children and adolescents are overweight or obese. Effective strategies in childhood obesity prevention interventions at the primary-school setting: A narrative review for the development of the Feel4Diabetes-study intervention.

Global school-based childhood obesity interventions: cnildhood review. Studies without published outcomes were excluded as it was not possible to evaluate their efficacy. We compared the effects of the interventions on weight-related outcomes e. Using the aforementioned search strategy publications were identified. The vast majority of these programs use schools for the implementation of interventions [ 17 ].

Although there successful childhood obesity interventions many interventions successfjl childhood obesity prevention, only few have demonstrated positive results. Open the schools to parents to make them aware of the pedagogy and be active in the process. Provide easy access to the healthy foods Eliminate unhealthy foods. Global status report on noncommunicable diseases Physical Activity: Built Environment Approaches Combining Transportation System Interventions with Land Use and Environmental Design External The Community Preventive Services Task Force recommends built environment strategies that combine one or more interventions to improve pedestrian or bicycle transportation systems with one or more land use and environmental design interventions to increase physical activity. Supplementary information. However, future school-based obesity prevention interventions should build on already successful intervention strategies while also addressing and integrating culture specific strategies.

Two reviewers independently reviewed each article for eligibility. We abstracted data on comparisons of intervention versus control. Estimated burden of paediatric obesity and co-morbidities in Europe.

  • Inthey explored this finding in a real-world setting by examining how different reinforcement patterns influenced obese children's weight.

  • Childhood obesity: determinants, prevention, and treatment. Estimated burden of paediatric obesity and co-morbidities in Europe.

  • Both behaviors and clinical outcomes where considered in the included studies, however the interventions did not always succeed in having an effect on clinical outcomes.

  • Interestingly, they found that children who were rewarded for reducing sedentary behaviors had the best outcomes — better than those who were rewarded for exercising, and better than those who were rewarded for both exercising and reducing sedentary behaviors. Effects of decreasing sedentary behavior and increasing activity on weight change in obese children.

  • It is estimated that about million children are currently with overweight globally [ 1 ]. Kate Goldhaber, Ph.

  • Randomised controlled trial of primary school based intervention to reduce risk factors for obesity.

Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes. Spiegel SA, Foulk D. Google Scholar 9. The current review aimed cbildhood gather and evaluate available school-based, family-involved obesity prevention interventions targeting dietary, physical activity and sedentary behaviors among primary schoolchildren and their families. Included studies had to be experimental controlled studies and had duration over 1 school year, had family involvement, combined PA and dietary behaviors and were implemented in school setting.

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Br J Nutr. BMC Endocr Disord 20, 52 Wrotniak, Sucfessful. Abstract Background Although obesity interventions are many interventions targeting childhood obesity prevention, only few have demonstrated positive results. BMC Publ Health. Moreover, teachers acting as role-models and getting actively involved in all targeted EBRBs has been highlighted as another effective strategy.

Results The studies included in the childhoid analysis have been summarized in Table 1 outlining the target population, intervention strategies and design, measures, outcomes, and findings relevant to obesity prevention. Many interventions have shown promising results, which were supported by a number of effective and high-impact strategies. Abstract Background Although there are many interventions targeting childhood obesity prevention, only few have demonstrated positive results. When children exercise in response to rules and rewards, they are less likely to see themselves as intrinsically motivated to be active.

In general, integrated approaches — where physical activities and nutrition education interventions both implemented in schools — have the highest potential in preventing weight gain in children. We quantitatively pooled the results of studies that were sufficiently similar. Supplementary information. We identified 34, unique citations and included articles describing interventional studies. Download references.

Since schools mainly focus on academic achievement, many teachers find it difficult to include extracurricular modules into the already tight schedule. For additional assistance, please contact us. Lessons learned from the AFLY5 RCT process evaluation: implications for the design of physical activity and nutrition interventions in schools. Outcomes of the current review were taken into account in developing the Feel4Diabetes-intervention and summed up as recommendations in the current work in order to facilitate other researchers designing similar childhood obesity prevention initiatives. Google Scholar.

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A number of identified strategies used to treat childhood obesity range from lifestyle approaches, pharmacotherapy to surgical intervention. Along ssuccessful lines, parents should not moralize food, but evaluate it in terms of its nutritional value. The sample size varied across the studies, ranging from to participants. The collaboration with community stakeholders, local community and school policy and media in every aspect of a health promotion project targeting physical activity, healthier diet or both has been also highlighted as an important contributor to the implementation fidelity, and thus effectiveness, of the intervention, also providing the basis for a sustainable approach. The rate of childhood obesity has risen dramatically over the past twenty-five years — an alarming trend when considering its adverse effects on physical, psychological and social functioning.

These articles were screened based on their abstract, in order to discard studies without childhoood published results, those targeting specific populations e. Thus, it is important for parents to ensure that children are physically active at home or in extracurricular activities. Variations in the prevalence of obesity among European countries, and a consideration of possible causes. The authors declare that they have no further competing interests. Search all BMC articles Search.

Results The studies included in the usccessful analysis have been summarized in Table 1 outlining the target population, intervention strategies and design, measures, outcomes, and findings relevant to obesity prevention. Furthermore, the social stigma of obesity puts overweight children at risk for discrimination, teasing, bullying and isolation. These diseases, also known as non-communicable diseases NCDscan cause premature mortality as well as long-term morbidity.

  • Interestingly, they found that children who were rewarded for reducing sedentary behaviors had the best outcomes — better than those who were rewarded for exercising, and better than those who were rewarded for both exercising and reducing sedentary behaviors.

  • A school-based program of physical activity may prevent obesity. Effect of childhood obesity prevention programs on blood pressure: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

  • Both behaviors and clinical outcomes where considered in the included studies, however the interventions did not always succeed in having an effect on clinical outcomes. Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes.

  • PloS One. Epub Jun

  • Obes Facts.

  • The bibliographic search strategy focused on articles published in peer-reviewed, English language journals, published from to Januarywhen the Feel4Diabetes-intervention was developed.

PubMed Google Scholar Both reviewers assessed the risk of bias for each study. A school- and community-based intervention to promote healthy lifestyle and prevent type 2 diabetes in vulnerable families across Europe: design and implementation of the Feel4Diabetes-study. Systematic review of community-based childhood obesity prevention studies. Interested in our quarterly newsletter?

On the other hand, successgul half of the projects 11 out of 27 did not mention whether their intervention was based on a theoretical model. Int J Epidemiol. Predicting obesity in young adulthood from childhood and parental obesity. We abstracted data on comparisons of intervention versus control. Included studies had to be experimental controlled studies and had duration over 1 school year, had family involvement, combined PA and dietary behaviors and were implemented in school setting. One the other hand, the Social Cognitive Theory is a commonly used basis for interventions design. Spiegel SA, Foulk D.

This article will help you to find successful measures that can impact the healthiness of your school or neighbourhood. Preventing chronic diseases: a vital investment: World Health Organization; In the absence of national or municipal regulation, establish own school policies.

Reprints childhod Permissions. Epstein and interventions found when they limited obese children's access to sedentary activities, these children increasingly chose to engage in physical activities. Selection criteria To be included, studies had to be original experimental controlled studies with school-based interventions aiming to prevent obesity in primary school-aged children from any country, published between and Januaryin English. Furthermore, the social stigma of obesity puts overweight children at risk for discrimination, teasing, bullying and isolation.

You can also search for this author in PubMed Google Scholar. The current review served as a part of the Obedity phase of this specific theoretical model and its outcomes were utilized in the development of the Feel4Diabetes school- and community-based intervention. Parents are encouraged to generate a list of non-edible rewards with their children, which might include material items as well as fun family activities. Google Scholar 8. Food, nutrition, physical activity, and the prevention of cancer: a global perspective: Amer Inst for Cancer research;

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