Advertisement

Sign up for our daily newsletter

Advertisement

Sharma 2007 obesity in the united – Prevalence and Trends in Obesity Among US Adults, 1999-2008

Addressing childhood overweight through schools. Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline.

William Murphy
Friday, December 7, 2018
Advertisement
  • Written informed consent was obtained.

  • View 1 excerpt, cites methods. Methods Citations.

  • Two to three sections were randomly selected in all standards on the basis of number of students. For women, the age-adjusted prevalence was

  • Most published interventions 16 used experimental designs with at least 1-year follow-up.

  • Purchase access Subscribe to JN Learning for one year.

Publication types

All interventions the documented parental involvement successfully influenced obesity indices. Results Citations. The purpose of this article was to review international zharma the United States school-based interventions for preventing obesity in children published between and Recommendations from international settings for enhancing the effectiveness of school-based childhood obesity interventions are presented. Only five interventions in international settings were based on any explicit behavioural theory which is different than the interventions developed in the United States.

Overview of meta-analysis on prevention and treatment of childhood obesity. Pathways: a school-based, randomized controlled trial for the prevention of obesity in American Indian schoolchildren. KanekarM. Background Citations. View 2 excerpts, references background and methods. A critical review of the literature. Prevention and treatment of childhood and adolescent obesity: a systematic review of meta-analyses.

ALSO READ: Homeopathic Medicine For Child Obesity Articles

There may be limited power to detect statistically significant trends within sharma 2007 obesity in the united. Overweight was defined as a body mass index BMI of Also, BMI has been shown to be comparable with other measures of obesity in risk assessment [50][51]. The emphasis on elementary school of most interventions seems to be justified, because the dietary behaviors are forming in this age group and are more malleable, and changing behaviors to healthy ones can go a long way in addressing the problem of childhood overweight and obesity. Countrywide awareness programs to spread healthy messages on good nutrition and good health for the prevention of obesity and its consequences need to be initiated. A recent study from Switzerland also reported stabilization of trends in prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity from to [7].

A meta-analysis of school-based obesity prevention programs demonstrates limited efficacy of decreasing childhood obesity. Abstract The purpose of this article was to review international excluding the United States school-based interventions for preventing obesity in children published between and Publication types Review. Body mass index Scientific Publication.

MeSH terms

Results Inthe age-adjusted prevalence of obesity was Table 1. However, we tried to minimize the sampling bias.

  • No significant reduction in body fat.

  • Methods Citations. The effect of school intervention programs on the body mass index of adolescents: a systematic review with meta-analysis.

  • Statistical Analysis Data were managed on Excel spreadsheet with double-checking for errors. Citing articles via Web of Science

  • View 1 excerpt, cites methods.

Prevalence of underweight decreased significantly by 7. Studies from South India have reported an obesity prevalence of 3. Community, school, and family based intervention for nutrition, physical activity, and screen time. Herein we report the results from the latest NHANES data from regarding population trends in obesity and compare the results over the year period from through Article Navigation.

Very few interventions documented the degree of fidelity in implementation of the planned curriculum. Consequences [Internet]. Some of these include depression, discrimination, low self-esteem, peer rejection, and stigmatization 10 Such practice would help in estimating effect sizes of interventions and improving efforts at addressing the issue of childhood obesity. Financial Disclosures: None reported. This should be complemented by other approaches such as parental and family involvement. Some of these include increased risk of developing hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia, stroke, hepatic steatosis fatty liverarthritis, sleep apnea, gall bladder disease, and bronchial asthma 9.

Publications

Fifth, this review focused on nutrition education alone and it seems, nutrition education in combination with physical activity is more effective than nutrition education only, but we cannot draw any conclusions regarding physical activity components alone. National Center for Health Statistics. Nutr Rev —

Table 3. Involved parents. Peer Modeling and Rewards 18 Quasi experimental 5. Accessed Jan View Article Google Scholar 7. The transitions are more rapid in young individuals. Revisions of cutoffs of body mass index to define overweight and obesity are needed for the Asian-ethnic groups.

ALSO READ: Articles Of Confederation Class Activity Of Obsessive Compulsive Behavior

More Filters. Recommendations from international settings for enhancing the effectiveness of school-based childhood obesity interventions are presented. Stage-based interventions for low-fat diet with middle school students. View 2 excerpts, references background and methods. A meta-analysis of school-based obesity prevention programs demonstrates limited efficacy of decreasing childhood obesity.

Methods Citations. Evaluation of a pilot school programme aimed at the prevention of obesity in children. View 5 excerpts, cites methods and results. More Filters. The effect of school-based physical activity interventions on body mass index: a meta-analysis of randomized trials. A meta-analysis of school-based obesity prevention programs demonstrates limited efficacy of decreasing childhood obesity.

Ib the 6 interventions that measured adiposity indices and were successful in altering them, the study durations were 8 h [nutrition education 15 ], 3 y 2010 y 211 academic year 24 1 y 27and 2 y Rasheed P Perception of body weight and self-reported eating and exercise behaviour among obese and non-obese women in Saudi Arabia. Smoothed distributions of BMI in and are shown by age group in the Figure for men and women aged 40 to 59 years. Carbonated Drink Reduction 27 Experimental with random assignment at group level Graduate nursing students implemented.

Methods Citations. Related Papers. View 1 excerpt, references background.

There are a number of factors that contribute to the epidemic of childhood overweight and obesity. This may imply that the developed countries are in the final stage of nutritional transition. Subject alert. Malnick SD, Knobler H.

ALSO READ: Workouts For Obese Beginners Running

The grade range of these interventions was from pre-school to high school with the majority 17 obrsity elementary schools. Overview of meta-analysis on prevention and treatment of childhood obesity. View 3 excerpts, cites background. The purpose of this article was to review international excluding the United States school-based interventions for preventing obesity in children published between and Publication types Review.

View 5 excerpts, cites methods and results. All interventions that documented parental involvement successfully influenced obesity indices. Save to Library Save. A meta-analysis of school-based obesity prevention programs demonstrates limited efficacy of decreasing childhood obesity.

Nutrition in the Garden 34 Unlted experimental Enrollment of Subjects A list containing the names of all senior secondary government or public and non-government or private schools located in New Delhi was prepared. Girls-only alternative PE program that focused on environmental, personal, and behavioral factors for nutrition and physical activity.

Pediatric Obesity Outcome Measures. It can be speculated that if the interventions are behavioural theory-based, then the intervention length can be shortened. Citation Type. Majority of the interventions 9 were one academic year long.

Search ADS. Randomised controlled trial of primary school based intervention to reduce risk factors for obesity. Osteoporos Int. It is especially useful in school based settings with children and adolescents. Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. Nutr Rev — Development of an obesity prevention and management program for children and adolescents in a rural setting.

  • Pathways 28 Experimental with random assignment at group level BMC Public Health.

  • Body mass index Scientific Publication. View 1 excerpt, references background.

  • The Norweigian school fruit programme: evaluating paid vs.

  • Vegetable consumption higher in the intervention group 0.

Childhood obesity interventions can focus solely on changing dietary behaviors, but in order to enhance shsrma sharma 2007 obesity in the united these must be coupled with sharm physical activity behaviors also. View Large Download. Linear trends over the five 2-year survey cycles and variations in the prevalence of obesity by age and racial and ethnic groups over the year period were tested using sex-specific logistic regression models with adjustment for age group, racial and ethnic group, and survey period; survey was treated as a continuous ordered categorical variable. These data were obtained from a sample survey and like other survey data, they may be subject to sampling error or nonsampling error. In females, the prevalence of overweight decreased over 3 years Step 1: Health education and physical activity by regular school teachers. Units included: getting right amount of energy, use of personal data, importance of healthy food choices, role of food and activity environment, and maintaining skills as a competent eater.

Receive exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic. Finally, differing evaluation methodologies and outcome indices were used in the chosen studies. Privacy Policy Terms of Use. Six interventions 202429 — 3136 did not measure these antecedents.

All interventions that documented parental involvement successfully influenced obesity indices. A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Sharma Published Medicine International Quarterly of Community Health Education This study conducted a meta-analysis on the outcome indicator of body mass index from published school-based childhood obesity interventions done in the United States and the United Kingdom between and View 3 excerpts, references background.

View 1 excerpt, cites background. Related Papers. A critical review of the literature. Most published interventions 16 used experimental designs with at least 1-year follow-up. Research Feed. Publication types Review. Save to Library Save.

Download: PPT. In this study, underweight was tue as the 5 th percentile of the same reference population, as no defined cut-offs exist for Asian Indian children. Statistical tests were 2-sided and a P value of less than. After adjusting for age, gender and type of school, there was a significantly higher risk of being overweight OR 1.

Interventions to prevent obesity in children and adolescents: a systematic literature review. Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Save to Library Save.

Revisions of cutoffs of body mass index to define overweight and obesity are needed for the Asian-ethnic groups. Inthe median BMI for women aged 20 to 39 years was united These shall not only promote good health, but shall also help in the prevention of non-communicable diseases as diabetes, heart problems, and other related diseases. Email alerts Article activity alert. The authors are thankful to the children and their parents for their cooperation in the study and to the principals, teachers and the staff of various schools for all the help extended by them. J Sch Health. School-based Obesity Prevention Program 36 Only formative evaluation done 20 Norwegian School Fruit Program 37 Experimental with random assignment at individual level

ALSO READ: Myoclonus Astatic Epilepsy Childhood Obesity

Majority of the interventions 9 were one academic year long. Teachers seem to be the most logical choice, because they are certified to teach, know the students, are present in the school, and can be easily trained in the curriculum and other aspects of the intervention. The purpose of this article was to review international excluding the United States school-based interventions for preventing obesity in children published between and Only children without history of any active disease or significant past medical history were included in the study. Contest in which stickers were given to kids for eating healthy snacks.

Eur J Clin Nutr. Evaluation of implementation and effect of primary school based intervention to reduce risk factors for obesity. Using age, gender and ethnicity specific cut-offs is important as standard cutoffs of BMI used for adult or adolescent western population may not be applicable in studying the problem of childhood obesity in Asian Indians children [25][26]. Subject alert. Therefore, the use of IOTF cut-offs may have underestimated the prevalence of overweight and obesity in Asian Indian children and adolescents. Study population consisted of year and year 14—17 year old children from privately funded and government funded schools of Delhi, India.

View 1 excerpt, cites methods. Publication types Review. Related Papers. View 5 excerpts, cites methods. View 2 excerpts, references background and methods.

Publication types

Statistical analyses obessity performed using SAS software version 9. Enhancing personal agency and competence in eating and moving: formative evaluations of a middle school curriculum: choice, control, and change. Increasing children's fruit and vegetable consumption: a peer modeling and rewards-based intervention. Trends in hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control rates in United States adults between and

Office of the Surgeon General. Changes in dietary behavior not observed. Close mobile search navigation Article Navigation. A major weakness noted in the interventions that used this and other theories is that very few of those have measured changes in behavioral constructs of the theory they have reified and followed those over time. Materials and Methods. Summary of recommendations for future school based childhood obesity prevention dietary interventions.

Fourth, only 1 researcher retrieved and examined the studies and this could cause some bias. Ethn Dis. It is especially useful in school based settings with children and adolescents. J Pediatr — Rent this article from DeepDyve. Louisiana Health 31 Experimental with random assignment at group level

Related Papers. Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Kanekar and M. Nine of these interventions targeted nutrition behaviours followed by seven aiming to modify both physical activity and nutrition behaviours. Prevention and treatment of childhood and adolescent obesity: a systematic review of meta-analyses.

Linear trends over the five 2-year survey cycles and variations in the prevalence of obesity by age and racial and ethnic groups over the year period were sharma 2007 obesity in the united using sex-specific logistic regression models with adjustment for age group, racial and ethnic group, and survey period; survey was treated as a continuous ordered categorical variable. In terms of activities, almost all interventions had a curricular component except 2 that distributed free fruit or vegetables. Predicting obesity in young adulthood from childhood and parental obesity. Physical activity was also targeted.

  • After adjusting for age, gender and type of school, there was a significantly higher risk of being overweight OR 1.

  • Overview of meta-analysis on prevention and treatment of childhood obesity. Evaluation of a pilot school programme aimed at the prevention of obesity in children.

  • First 20—30 min discussion on food labels, portion size, food pyramid, and food decision making. No fruit in.

  • The overall mean BMI increased significantly from

Academic year 9 mo Results not yet published Race and ethnicity were self-reported; for the purposes of this report, race and ethnicity unitfd classified as non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, Mexican American, other Hispanic, and other. For behavior change to take place, usually 6 mo is considered a minimum time Childhood and adolescent overweight and obesity are particularly detrimental because they often persist in adulthood 67.

Sharma Published Medicine International Quarterly of Community Health Education This study conducted a meta-analysis on the outcome indicator of body mass index from published school-based childhood obesity interventions done in the United States and the United Kingdom between and Pathways: a school-based, randomized controlled trial for the prevention of obesity in American Indian schoolchildren. Has PDF. Topics from this paper. Stage-based interventions for low-fat diet with middle school students.

Data were managed on Excel spreadsheet with double-checking uniged errors. View Article Google Scholar 7. Future research must aim at designing interventions that are at least 6 mo in duration. From this it is evident that, although short duration interventions can be successful, it is usually the interventions that are longer than 6 mo that tend to be more successful.

Abstract The purpose of this article was to review international excluding unjted United States school-based interventions for preventing obesity in children published between and Only five interventions in international settings were based on any explicit behavioural theory which is different than the interventions developed in the United States. Pathways: a school-based, randomized controlled trial for the prevention of obesity in American Indian schoolchildren. A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Majority of the interventions 9 were one academic year long. View 1 excerpt, references background.

There was a significantly higher risk of being overweight OR 1. Rent this article from DeepDyve. Health Educ Behav. Office of the Surgeon General.

Introduction

Share This Paper. Interventions to prevent obesity in children and adolescents: a systematic literature review. Highly Influential. View 5 excerpts, cites methods.

Topics from this paper. View 2 excerpts, references background. Kanekar and M. Majority of the interventions 9 were one academic year long.

Methods Citations. View 2 excerpts, references background. Kanekar and M. Share This Paper. View 5 excerpts, cites methods and results.

Stage-based interventions for low-fat diet with middle school students. Related Papers. View 5 excerpts, cites methods. Citation Type. View 2 excerpts, references background. Some features of the site may not work correctly.

More Filters. Background Citations. View 5 excerpts, cites methods.

We are working on developing united ethnicity-specific cut-offs of abdominal obesity in a population-based study for use in future studies. Summary of recommendations for future school based childhood obesity prevention dietary interventions. Comparisons of percentage body fat, body mass index, waist circumference, and waist-stature ratio in adults. This could be due to the emphasis on academics in higher grades. However, estimates from other countries are not precisely comparable with US estimates because of differences in study methods, years of measurement and the age ranges, and methods of age adjustment or age categorization. Prev Med.

Browse Subject Areas? Advance article alerts. Step 2: Special cooked meals and to min physical activity with overweight and obese kids. Geneva : WHO [updated ; cited Jun 26]. Our study has a few limitations.

Some features of the site may not work correctly. Most interventions 16 focused on individual-level behaviour change approaches. The purpose of this article was to review international excluding the United States school-based interventions for preventing obesity in children published between and DOI:

Counseling, education, and social support for nutrition and physical activity. On stratification, mean BMI value increased significantly in males and both, privately-funded and government-funded schools Table 1. Flegal, PhD ; Margaret D.

Abstract The purpose of this article was to review international excluding the United States school-based interventions for united obesity in children published between and View Article Google Scholar ssharma. Metab Syndr Relat Disord 8: — Dietary modification is a very important part of all strategies aimed at combating childhood overweight and obesity. It can be recommended that interventions be at least 6 mo long, and introduction of education through a curriculum seems to be the best approach. Although neither of these interventions measured changes in adiposity, they did demonstrate significant changes in antecedents of behavior, particularly consumption of fruits and vegetables. Figure 2.

Hawley SRBeckman HBoesity T Development of an obesity prevention and management program for children and adolescents in a rural setting. Louisiana LA health: design and methods for a childhood obesity prevention program in rural schools. Interventions could at least use the nutritionists or dietitians in planning the intervention. Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Obesity and overweight [Internet]. Context The prevalence of obesity increased in the United States between and and again between and The medical complications of obesity.

Kanekar and M. Related Papers. View 2 excerpts, references background and methods.

Topics from this paper. By clicking accept or continuing to use united site, you agree to the terms outlined in our Privacy PolicyTerms of Serviceand Dataset License. The purpose of this article was to review international excluding the United States school-based interventions for preventing obesity in children published between and Addressing childhood overweight through schools. Pathways: a school-based, randomized controlled trial for the prevention of obesity in American Indian schoolchildren.

Inclusion of environmental and policy approaches such as building social support, modification of school meals, and changes in nutrition policies. Population-based strategies that improve social and physical environmental contexts for healthful eating and physical activity are complementary to clinical preventive strategies and to treatment programs for those who are already obese. Ross R, Bradshaw AJ. View Metrics.

Body mass index is a valuable tool to provide a standardized definition obesitj obesity for the purposes of national surveillance and international comparisons. For behavior change to take place, usually 6 mo is considered a minimum time View Article Google Scholar. New moves: a school-based obesity prevention program for adolescent girls.

  • This should be complemented by other approaches such as parental and family involvement. Two to three sections were randomly selected in all standards on the basis of number of students.

  • It can be speculated that if the interventions are behavioural theory-based, then the intervention length can be shortened. Pediatric Obesity Outcome Measures.

  • Weight and height were measured in a mobile examination center using standardized techniques and equipment.

  • Results Citations.

Prev Med. Childhood thhe and obesity. From the 19 interventions that measured antecedents of childhood obesity, 15 interventions 1517182126 — 2832343537 — 41 showed significant changes in the favorable direction for these antecedents, whereas 4 14193342 could not demonstrate any significant change. Citing articles via Web of Science Obesity was defined as a BMI of

Sharma Published Medicine International Quarterly of 0207 Health Education This study conducted a meta-analysis sharma 2007 obesity in the united the outcome indicator of body mass index from published school-based childhood obesity interventions done in the United States and the United Kingdom between and DOI: Highly Influenced. A meta-analysis of school-based obesity prevention programs demonstrates limited efficacy of decreasing childhood obesity. A critical review of the literature. Results Citations.

  • Sign in to access your subscriptions Sign in to your personal account.

  • Most published interventions 16 used experimental designs with at least 1-year follow-up. By clicking accept or continuing to use the site, you agree to the terms outlined in our Privacy PolicyTerms of Serviceand Dataset License.

  • Clin Pediatr Phila. Metab Syndr Relat Disord 2: 14—

  • View 1 excerpt, cites methods.

  • Sign In or Create an Account.

Some features of the site may not work correctly. By clicking accept or continuing to use the site, you agree to the terms outlined in our Privacy PolicyTerms of Serviceand Dataset License. Interventions to prevent obesity in children and adolescents: a systematic literature review. Stage-based interventions for low-fat diet with middle school students.

Carbonated Drink Reduction 27 Experimental with random assignment at group level Int Q Community Health Educ. Ogden, PhD; Margaret D. The emphasis on elementary school of most interventions seems to be justified, because the dietary behaviors are forming in this age group and are more malleable, and changing behaviors to healthy ones can go a long way in addressing the problem of childhood overweight and obesity. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was It was decided to focus on interventions that were published between and May The medical complications of obesity.

Read more about:

Sidebar1?
Sidebar2?