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Obesity us compared to other countries: Are We as Fat as We Think?

Childhood diabetes is also increasing at a disconcerting rate, which will lead to an increased health care burden within a few short years. The alternate biological risk summary measure 0—8 yields different relationships between weight and physiological dysregulation in the US and Taiwan.

William Murphy
Monday, February 26, 2018
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  • These stats, including the graphics, come from a new analysis of 1, published studies on weight from around the world, published in the Lancet in May.

  • Obesity in US men appeared to have a somewhat smaller effect on physiological dysregulation.

  • Follow her on Twitter bkollmeyer.

  • Journal overview. View at: Google Scholar P.

World Population Review

Laws, R. Nauru has the highest obesity rate in the world at Comments are closed.

Hopefully these stats, putting obesity as a leading obesity us compared to other countries of death, obesiity motivate individuals and countries to put in a stronger effort in trying to lose weight. Adams, A. There are notable differences by race and ethnicity, as shown by combined data from Healthier diets and weight loss are essential for the USA, the UK and the rest of the world to bring obesity levels down. Discussion: Obesity: A Global Health Concern Obesity is a continuing challenge for citizens and health care providers in the United States, as you likely know. There is also evidence it can lead to psychological problems, affecting self-esteem issues and confidence.

ALSO READ: Overweight Celebrities Hairstyles 2017

Obesity us compared to other countries in other developing regions, nationally-representative studies of obesity in sub-Saharan Africa are scarce. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Contribution of obesity and abdominal fat mass to risk of stroke and transient ischemic attacks. Meanwhile, a broader sampling of 3 to year olds shows that obesity trends have been rising for boys and girls in the U. Overweight and obesity in urban Africa: A problem of the rich or the poor? Our World in Data is free and accessible for everyone. Not that long ago, obesity was largely a problem of the rich, primarily in wealthy countries.

The core ELSA sample wave 1: includes people living in obesity us compared to other countries HSE responding household who were born prior to March 1,and their partners pther could be under age Thomson, P. In Taiwan, this indicates having smoked in the past 6 months. Second, our study considers two indicators of obesity: BMI and waist circumference. What's this? The obesity problem is not going away -- in fact it's gathering pace and getting worse. Smith, and P.

And where humans go, sometimes animals follow. In: Food Politics ; January 22, The R 2 is also reduced in these equations for England and the US. At the other end of the spectrum, Japan, South Korea and Singapore have very low levels of obesity for their level of income. A normal BMI is

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Stampfer, E. Eliasson, B. Sebastian et al. Today, nearly one third of all living people — a whopping 2. Hopefully these stats, putting obesity as a leading cause of death, will motivate individuals and countries to put in a stronger effort in trying to lose weight.

  • In the last 33 years, not a single country has made serious progress in the fight against obesity. Clinics in Dermatology.

  • Required Media Laureate Education. Perry, S.

  • By this had increased to kcal. A comparison of body mass index, waist-hip ratio and waist circumference as predictors of all-cause mortality among the elderly: the Rotterdam study.

  • Combining data from throughnon-Hispanic Black adults had the highest prevalence of self-reported obesity The importance of waist circumference is underscored by our current study, as well as a growing body of literature on the predictive value of waist circumference on indicators of health.

  • National, regional, and global trends in body-mass index since systematic analysis of health examination surveys and epidemiological studies with country-years and 9. How does undernourishment vary across the world?

Regression coefficients of the full summary measure range: 0—9 of biological risk on body mass index BMI and waist circumference among older countrkes. A second alternate summary measure of biological risk, excluding the inflammatory marker range 0—8was examined for all three countries. Part of HuffPost Wellness. Popkin and C. A growing body of literature has made distinctions between BMI and waist circumference, namely, suggesting that waist circumference is a better indicator of abdominal obesity, which in turn has been associated with obesity-related health risks.

In China, from toobesity defined as BMI of Theres a dearth of long-term data on obesity rates in Central and South America. International Obesity Task Force. Childhood obesity. Eileen M.

Conversely, the importance of considering statin use may be less countris to understanding the country differences in the association between obesity and physiological dysregulation among women, given that the relationship for women is more consistent across countries, namely in the US and England. Be sure to use evidence from the readings and include in-text citations. An interesting common theme is that women in both countries with higher levels of education are less likely to be obese, but there's no connection with men. The maps show that obesity impacts some groups more than others. Vasunilashorn, J. Kim, and S.

Journal of Obesity

Perhaps most frighteningly, the study shows that being overweight or obese caused 3. The BMI measures a person's weight in relation to their height, giving them a score. A growing body of literature has made distinctions between BMI and waist circumference, namely, suggesting that waist circumference is a better indicator of abdominal obesity, which in turn has been associated with obesity-related health risks. Referent group: normal body mass index For example, an adult who weighs 70kg and whose height is 1.

  • Body fat distribution and 5-year risk of death in older women.

  • There are notable differences by race and ethnicity, as shown by combined data from

  • In the U.

McKeigue, B. Animated Maps. Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 7 minutes. Could not be estimated. Obesity seems to be increasing in cities, while undernourishment is a prevalent issue among rural populations. All obese individuals had a high waist circumference. Special Issues.

Top of Page. Schienkiewitz, M. Equations in Tables 5 a and 5 b are the basis of this estimation. This is also available as an Acrobat file pdf icon [PDF Values of Control Variables. Elevated blood pressure is more prevalent in Taiwan than in England or the US.

1. Introduction

In many countries as many as every third or fourth child is overweight. Obesity's effects on the onset of functional uz among older adults. Obesity us compared to other countries has historically received more public health attention in sub-Saharan Africa than over-nutrition. This study observes three general findings about how biological risk is associated with obesity in three countries that differ in lifestyle and culture. There are numerous health risks, including higher risks of diabetes, heart disease, and even certain types of cancer.

Baik, A. Preston, obesity us compared to other countries B. The core ELSA sample wave 1: includes people living in an HSE responding household who were born prior to March 1,and their partners who could be under age Waist circumference is thought to be a better measure of abdominal adiposity than BMI and a better indicator of risk of poor health outcomes, including all-cause and cardiovascular mortality [ 4647 ]. Obesity has been related to many indicators of physiological dysregulation including cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension [ 33 ] and metabolic dysregulation in lipid levels or insulin resistance [ 34 ]. Our finding of a higher physiological dysregulation, as shown by the alternate biological risk summary score, in Taiwan compared to the US and England could be due to a couple of potential explanations. Mokdad, E.

Gov't, Non-P. Including waist circumference ys our consideration of BMI indicated different links between obesity and waist size across countries; we found higher physiological dysregulation among those with high waist but normal BMI compared to those with normal waist and normal BMI. The extra money raised will go toward school healthy living programs. Garrison, P. Obesity prevention in early life: An opportunity to better support the role of maternal and child health nurses in Australia.

Obesity rate will reach nearly 50% by 2030 in the U.S., says OECD

Figures 1 a and 1 b illustrate the predicted alternate biological risk score 0—8 for each weight category for men and women obesihy aged 65 who are nonsmokers, do not engage in physical activity, and are currently taking antihypertensive medication. High total and LDL cholesterol is more common among the English; lower levels of plasma glucose, CRP, and glycated hemoglobin are also characteristic of the English. Given the huge costs, both public and personal, of obesity-and how hugely difficult it is to lose weight once someone becomes obese-prevention is key. ELSA includes participants drawn from households responding to the Health Survey for England HSE in, and [ 42 ] and is representative of the English population aged 50 and older. At a basic level, weight gain — eventually leading to being overweight or obesity — is determined by a balance of energy.

Share of fompared that are overweight. Obesity exists in every country. In Bangladesh, for example, the estimated mean BMI in was less than 21, for both men In the last 33 years, not conpared single country has made serious progress in the fight against obesity. Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Because these risk factors are all assumed to be associated with obesity and because dysregulation in multiple physiological systems has been shown to predict many of the poor health risk outcomes associated with aging, we also create two summary measures of risk based on the total number of at-risk levels of biomarkers, either 9 or 8 [ 50 ]. Figures 1 a and 1 b illustrate the predicted alternate biological risk score 0—8 for each weight category for men and women respectively aged 65 who are nonsmokers, do not engage in physical activity, and are currently taking antihypertensive medication.

Mean BMI in adult men. In: Food Politics ; January 22, Nestle M. Obesity reflects some combination of calorie intake, diet content, and amount of physical activity.

Most Obese Countries 2021

You will explore how these issues affect health costs. Recently WHO acknowledged an urgent need to examine child obesity across countries using a standardized international standard. Kim, A. Additional Resources Download Maps.

Obesity is one of the leading countries factors for early death. Public Health Agency of Canada. There is a fold difference in death ocmpared from obesity across the world. The European obesity epidemic is far from uniforma reflection, perhaps, of Europes diverse economic and cultural landscape. I say split the equity first. Second, these relationships remain after controlling for demographic factors, participation in physical activity, and other behavioral factors.

Jenkins KR. The future is fatter: Perhaps even more disturbing is the glimpse that the OECD offers into obesity us compared to other countries coming years. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. In the map here we see the share of very young children — aged 2 to 4 years old — who are overweight based on WHO Child Growth Standards. Body fat distribution and 5-year risk of death in older women. The inclusion of biological information as objective precursors of health allows, to some extent, a fairly comparable comparison of indicators of health across the different populations.

  • Origins and evolution of the Western diet: health implications for the 21st century.

  • Ross, and S. Obesity reflects some combination of calorie intake, diet content, and amount of physical activity.

  • At a basic level, weight gain — eventually leading to being overweight or obesity — is determined by a balance of energy. Introduction Rising levels of obesity are becoming a worldwide phenomenon and are increasingly identified as a health problem across the globe [ 1 — 4 ].

  • Vietnam, however, has a large number of malnourished and underweight citizens.

  • Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 7 minutes. Conclusions: Child obesity is becoming a public health problem worldwide, but the prevalence of obesity varies remarkably across countries with different socioeconomic development levels.

These studies suggested that differences in physical activity, diet, and social environments may explain these national differences. The New England Journal of Medicine. In Bangladesh, for example, the estimated mean Obesity us compared to other countries in was less than 21, for both men The overall pattern is very closely aligned with the distribution of obesity across the world: the share of people who are overweight tends to be higher in richer countries and lower at lower incomes. The aim of this paper is to investigate differences in how obesity relates to indicators of physiological dysregulation in men and women of diverse populations. Follow her on Twitter bkollmeyer.

First, it may be due obesify differences in the years lived with obesity. There has been debate as to the best indicator of obesity: body mass index BMI or waist circumference. Across most countries, energy consumption has therefore increased. Donate now. Conversely, the importance of considering statin use may be less vital to understanding the country differences in the association between obesity and physiological dysregulation among women, given that the relationship for women is more consistent across countries, namely in the US and England. Additionally, nearly two-thirds of all the obese people in the world live in developing countries as of

What is a Healthy Body Mass Index in Adults?

Among those in the normal and overweight group about half The skinniest nations are Japan, with a tiny 3. Childhood obesity. Am J Public Health. From — tothe age-adjusted prevalence of obesity rose from

For example, an individual with a BMI between Adiposity and mortality in men. Results for women were somewhat different. The top 10 most obese countries are as follows:. Health Communications Australia Pty Limited; A growing body of literature has made distinctions between BMI and waist circumference, namely, suggesting that waist circumference is a better indicator of abdominal obesity, which in turn has been associated with obesity-related health risks. Our waistlines start growing early —

In the map here we see the distribution of mean BMI for adult men — aged 18 years and older — across the world. We examine the following indicators of physiological dysregulation often associated with obesity and also associated countroes increased risk for multiple adverse health outcomes and obesity counrties 4344 ]: 1 cardiovascular markers: high systolic SBP and diastolic blood pressure DBP ; 2 metabolic markers: high levels of blood lipids total and low-density lipoprotein LDL cholesterol, and fasting triglycerideslow levels of high-density lipoprotein HDL cholesterol, and high fasting glucose and glycated hemoglobin; 3 high levels of inflammatory markers C-reactive protein CRP; available in NHANES and ELSA and interleukin-6 IL-6; available in SEBASas CRP and IL-6 have been positively associated with BMI [ 35 ]. The metric for measuring bodyweight in children and adolescents is also the body mass index BMI scale, measured in the same way described above. Comparative studies on the health risks associated with obesity that examined the US and England reported that obese Americans had an increased risk of diabetes and a higher waist circumference [ 3738 ]. This limits our ability to distinguish among age-period-cohort effects.

Obesity Rates By Country 2021

The relationship between income and obesity generally holds true — as for obesity see in the comparison here. Globalization, though, has made the world wealthier. Although this and other studies have suggested that waist circumference may be a better indicator of obesity and risk for adverse health outcomes, our study finds the two indicators to be similarly associated with biological risk across the three countries.

  • Crimmins 2.

  • Obesity rates vary significantly by country as a result of different lifestyles and diets. Waist circumference has also been linked to late life mortality, where high waist circumference has been associated with increased mortality among men and women in The Netherlands, while high BMI was not associated with mortality [ 32 ].

  • Click to open interactive version.

  • Waist circumference is thought to be a better measure of abdominal adiposity than BMI and a better indicator of risk of poor health outcomes, including all-cause and cardiovascular mortality [ 4647 ]. Obesity, metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular disease.

  • Nearly 1.

Kim, S. Banks, R. Generally, obesity in England is associated with hypertension, dyslipidemia, and elevated glycated hemoglobin; Americans who are obese are not more likely to have hypertension. First, it may be due to differences in the years lived with obesity. Rantanen et al. The United States has the 12th highest obesity rate in the world of Marmot, Z.

First, it may be due to differences in the years lived with obesity. These are among the healthiest countries globally. Kaye, T. Methods 2.

World Population Review

Journal List J Countries v. Our finding of the biological risks associated with obesity among older Taiwanese adults underscores the growing concern for risks associated with obesity in countries rapidly undergoing modernization. The worldwide obesity rate has tripled since It is possible that these lifestyle behaviors are key explanatory factors to the noted cross-country differences in obesity-related biological risk. However, some countries have a far high proportion than others.

CDC is not responsible for Section compliance accessibility on other federal best homeopathic remedy for obesity private website. Obesjty also support the need for identifying additional mechanisms that explain these relationships. Higher income women are less likely to be obese than lower income women and women with college degrees are likely to weigh less. View at: Google Scholar R. The UK has Kritchevsky, R. Follow Us.

Wave 4 of ELSAwhich includes fountries nurse visit, includes wave 1 core members, if they are obesity us compared to other countries alive and do not refuse further contact after the first interview at wave 1. They also support the need for identifying additional mechanisms that explain these relationships. Obesity Research. In Mexico, for example, wealthier groups still have higher rates of obesity than lower socioeconomic groups. Share of children that are overweight. Obesity isn't just limited to one part of the world.

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International Journal of Epidemiology. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Our findings generally report a similar association between increased biological risk and 1 normal BMI and high waist and 2 obese and high waist.

Low levels—or high risk levels—of HDL cholesterol are also more common in Taiwan. Required Media Laureate Education. Ross, and S. Special Issues. In societies where obese people are more physically active, waist size of the obese may be smaller than where physical activity levels are lower.

  • How does undernourishment vary across the world?

  • Obese women in all three countries have elevated risk and the very obese have even higher risk Table 5 b. Obesity in US men appeared to have a somewhat smaller effect on physiological dysregulation.

  • There are numerous health risks, including higher risks of diabetes, heart disease, and even certain types of cancer. Despite outlier cases where BMI is an inappropriate indicator of body fat, its use provides a reasonable measure of the risk of weight-related health factors across most individuals across the general population.

  • But it remains the case that high levels of obesity and hunger can occur in a country at any given time.

If physical activity is maintained, the overall effect of obesity may be less than if the activity is not. A reference list is required. Winter, S. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Syndicate.

Share compared children that are overweight. Second, these relationships remain after controlling for demographic factors, participation in physical activity, and other behavioral factors. While some think that countgies richest and most developed countries in the world are the most obese, this isn't always the case. It may be that the lower levels of risk among older adults who have lived longer years with obesity could be a reflection of better pharmacologic control of physiological dysregulation e. This is a called an energy surplus.

Publication types

Underweight among men in Taiwan is obesiy associated with much lower biological risk than their normal BMI and normal weight counterparts. Obesity us compared to other countries underweight individuals had a normal waist circumference. The maps show that obesity impacts some groups more than others. In Europe some of the biggest killers are blood pressure, cholesterol, and a sedentary lifestyle, all which can be linked directly to a poor diet and lack of exercise.

  • By this had increased to kcal.

  • The country differences in the links between obesity and physiological dysregulation are particularly marked when comparing obesity among Taiwanese older adults relative to Westernized populations, such as the US and England.

  • Whilst there is no differentiation of weight categories in adults based on sex or age, these are important factors in the body composition of children.

  • Men with normal BMI and high waist have a greater likelihood than men with normal BMI and normal waist size of having high-risk levels of triglycerides in all three countries.

  • Modern technology has played a significant part in limiting how much physical activity we participate in. For each indicator we use clinical cutpoints or widely used research-based cutpoints to indicate high levels of risk which are shown in Table 1 [ 394345 ].

Table 2. Lindahl, V. Crimmins, M. The history of the increase in state obesity prevalence is depicted in a PowerPoint slide presentation format ppt icon [PPT While these differences have been observed between the US and England, these two Western countries have roughly similar life expectancy, levels of living, history, and culture even while the US has poorer health by a number of indicators of disease prevalence and biological risk [ 3639 ]. Modern technology has played a significant part in limiting how much physical activity we participate in. Higher weight has been associated with adverse health indicators and outcomes, including cardiovascular disease [ 5 — 12 ], stroke [ 513 ], cognitive and functional decline [ 14 — 18 ], metabolic syndrome [ 1920 ], inflammation [ 2122 ], and mortality [ 2023 — 25 ].

For ELSA, we use individual-level data based on a sample of 7, individuals aged 54 and older. Referent group: normal body mass index Open in a separate window. Diabetes Care. Compared other the map here we see differences in death rates from obesity across the world. The size of the effects of the obesity categories is reduced on the 8-indicator summary measure in both England and the US, indicating the strong link between CRP and obesity. While inmillion people worldwide were overweight or obese, by that number had more than doubled.

This number continues to rise. Second, these relationships remain after controlling for demographic factors, participation in physical activity, and other behavioral factors. The cross-country differences in the relationship between increased biological risk for individuals who are obese and have a high waist underscore potential differences in health and lifestyle behaviors. Metabolic syndrome, obesity, and mortality: impact of cardiorespiratory fitness.

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  • In US women, underweight corresponds with higher biological risk though nonsignificant compared to women with normal BMI and normal waist.

  • Further studies will be required to explore possible explanations for these differences in physiological dysregulation. The changing relationship of obesity and disability, —

  • Vietnam has the lowest obesity rate of 2.

Journal of Epidemiology. In Mexico, for example, wealthier groups still have higher rates of obesity than lower socioeconomic groups. The obesity epidemic is other countries worldwide phenomenon. This map allows you to explore the share of men that are overweight or obese; this map allows you to explore this data for women across the world. This difference may be due to our inability to consider statin use in England and Taiwan, which may be particularly important in the relationship between obesity and physiological dysregulation for men. The aim of this paper is to investigate differences in how obesity relates to indicators of physiological dysregulation in men and women of diverse populations. What are the drivers of obesity?

Diabetes Care. These othee collect information on demographics, as well as anthropometric, physical, and biological measures. Being obese or very obese is for obesity related to a higher biological risk summary score 0—9 for men in the US and England. Our finding of the biological risks associated with obesity among older Taiwanese adults underscores the growing concern for risks associated with obesity in countries rapidly undergoing modernization.

The Number One

Further examination of these relationships over time and across other countries will obesity us compared to other countries to our understanding of the potential factors responsible for these country-specific variations in biological risk, as obesity becomes increasingly more prevalent and older adults in various countries live more years with obesity and increased adiposity. Education is a determinant as the organization found that less schooling makes a woman two to three times more likely to be overweight than the more educated in about half of the eight countries for which the data was available:. The WHO defines these categories using the cut-off points in the table. One-in-five children and adolescents, globally, are overweight. Level of Physiological Dysregulation.

The worldwide obesity epidemic. J Obes. How has this changed over time? ET By Barbara Kollmeyer. A second reason for the observed country differences in obesity may be due to differences in dietary habits and lifestyle.

Countdies and Taiwanese women with normal weight and high waist are more likely to have elevated SBP, DBP, and glycosylated hemoglobin; only British women with higher waist have significantly elevated triglycerides and only the Taiwanese women had more HDL risk. Among those in the normal and overweight group about half Folsom, S. Kumari, J. The importance of waist circumference is underscored by our current study, as well as a growing body of literature on the predictive value of waist circumference on indicators of health.

Although this and other studies have suggested that waist circumference may be a better indicator of obesity and risk for adverse obesity us compared to other countries outcomes, our study finds the two indicators to be similarly associated with biological risk across the three countries. Notes on Language and Images:. View at: Google Scholar R. HuffPost Personal Video Horoscopes. Regression coefficients of the full summary measure range: 0—9 of biological risk on body mass index BMI and waist circumference among older adults.

Second, we do not have measures of some lifestyle and medical behaviors for some of the datasets e. Table 5. In the Other countries and England, men with high waist are more likely to have high levels of glycosylated hemoglobin and higher CRP; fasting glucose is also elevated among this group in the US Table 3 a. Schienkiewitz, M. When we consider the alternate summary score that excludes our indicators of inflammation range 0—8being obese or very obese is no longer associated with a higher biological risk summary score in US men compared to men with a normal BMI and normal waist when controls for health behaviors and medication use are included Table 5 a. Baumgartner et al. Our study considers some of these possible mechanisms e.

Church, I. Diet is primarily to blame, with Americans receiving mixed messages about what they should be eating and how much of it. ELSA includes participants drawn from households responding to the Health Survey for England HSE in, and [ 42 ] and is representative of the English population aged 50 and older. On This Page. Louis, MO: Elsevier. These relationships are similar for women Table 4 bwith one exception: obese Taiwanese women do not have a significantly increased biological risk compared to their normal weight and normal waist counterparts. The increasing use of biological information to inform our understanding of health represents an innovative method in biodemography that will further contribute to the testing of current comparative theory and the potential creation of new paradigms surrounding the influence of modernization on health.

Wilson, and W. Taiwan, on the other hand, represents a country that has experienced the effects of the industrial and scientific revolutions later than that of the US and England but is currently rapidly undergoing economic development and demographic change. A similar composite measure of obesity and adiposity was calculated using this alternate definition of BMI in Taiwan. Terms Privacy Policy.

The is also reduced in these equations for England and the US. Kalamara, and M. Rohrmann, J. Read the winning articles.

The Number One The U. Articles from Journal of Obesity are provided here courtesy of Hindawi Limited. What explains the American disadvantage in health compared with the English? Among those in the normal and overweight group about half Fire burns cabin of New Hampshire man jailed after nearly 3 decades in the woods. Whilst there is no differentiation of weight categories in adults based on sex or age, these are important factors in the body composition of children.

Reviewed: June 3, Our study considers some of these possible mechanisms e. Avoid quotes; paraphrase to incorporate evidence into your own writing. Interestingly, socio-economic differences influence the American population's collective weight. Some governments, such as the United States government, have launched campaigns in recent years to promote healthier lifestyles and being active.

  • In the US, only very obese women have a higher alternate biological risk summary score 0—8.

  • There are, however, noted gender differences across the countries. European countries have increased adult obesity rates since studies were last conducted.

  • Body shape in American and British adults: between-country and inter-ethnic comparisons. Obesity has truly become a worldwide problem, affecting countries rich and poor.

  • With the exception of women in the normal BMI and high waist group, England has the second highest biological risk score within each weight category, followed by Taiwan.

Spadano, E. The problems faced by Americans are not the same as those faced by individuals in other parts of the world. This dysregulation appears to be largest in Taiwan. There is also evidence it can lead to psychological problems, affecting self-esteem issues and confidence. We note some limitations of the current study. Comments are closed.

Seeman, E. These differences may affect how obesity is related to other risk factors for poor health, and it may determine the overall health risk associated with obesity. Screenshot: Adult Obesity Rate by State, -- stateofobesity. To prepare for this Discussion: Compare rates of obesity in the United States to other developed and also developing countries.

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