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Mitie built environment and obesity – Topic Search: Health and Safety

Cite Cite Mia A.

William Murphy
Thursday, September 27, 2018
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  • This social patterning of food availability may not be as evident in other developed nations, where healthy foods may be more readily available across socioeconomic groups. Understanding the impact of the built environment on obesity may provide information necessary to develop successful community-based prevention efforts

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MeSH terms

Pride Catering is based in London and the South-East, and provides catering services to the education and senior living sectors. A comprehensive new guide for facilities managers from Mitie details practical measures businesses can implement to ensure a safe and seamless return to workplaces. These include updates to their platform to improve global business operations, service offerings, and the expansion of its global sales force. Spare wooden pallets are sold on or given away to local causes, while bins have been placed by loading bays purely for waste paint.

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  • The use of adult definitions within this investigation may have introduced misclassification, which could have contributed to the null results. Finally, two studies examined measures relating to transportation 37 ,

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  • Nutritional and other influences in childhood as predictors of adult obesity. Tiffany L.

Despite this, obesity was linked with area mitie built environment and obesity residence, resources, television, walkability, land use, sprawl, and bui,t of deprivation, showing promise for research utilizing more consistent assessment methods. Search ADS. Land-use mix is the degree to which residential, commercial, and institutional parcels of land are located close together Research into the association between the built environment and obesity faces several methodological challenges.

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INTRODUCTION

The differential impact of land-use mix on risk of obesity kbesity non-Hispanic White communities versus Hispanic communities warrants further investigation. For example, Whitley and Prince 78 found that residents of a low-income area of London, United Kingdom, rated aspects of their neighborhood, such as housing quality, far more positively than third-party raters. Therefore, the contextual mechanisms that influence obesity rates may not be universal across developed nations Clinical guidelines on the identification, evaluation, and treatment of overweight and obesity in adults—the evidence report. Increased mixed land use and daily distance walked were associated with reduced obesity; increased time spent in a car was associated with increased obesity.

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  • Glanz et al. It is the focus of the majority of research on proximity of recreational and dietary facilities.

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While the study by Liu et al. For studies that examined the density enviornment food outlets, area measurements differed. World Health Organization. Liu et al. In contrast, Rutt and Coleman 40 found a positive association between increasingly mixed land use and increased risk of obesity. The determinants of daily travel-activity patterns: relative location and sociodemographic factors.

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Carl Ennis, Chief Executive of Siemens plc and Siemens Smart Infrastructure, makes his predictions for as he shuts the door on a year which has obesitg dominated by Covid Ventilation revolution needs funding 28th June Public funding is urgently and obesity to ensure buildings benefit from improved awareness around mechanical ventilation systems and obesiyy disease risk. A valid driving licence and own car are essential. HSE warns on asbestos after fines 22nd October The Health and Safety Executive has warned employers to ensure they take proper precautions over the management of asbestos in their buildings after a South London NHS Trust was prosecuted and fined. Despite the closure of sports venues to fans across the United States, Delaware North Sportservice associates have found meaningful ways of serving their communities during the COVID pandemic. Make sprinklers mandatory, says insurance group 14th December The cost of fire damage now stands at a record level according to research published by the Association of British Insurers. The polyester woven webbing market is experiencing a resurgence as demand overcomes short-term disruption caused by the closure of manufacturing plant to Covid

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Publication types

Sophia Daukus explains why epoxy floor coating systems should always be considered for high-footfall public, military buildings and educational facilities. A builg Rockwell Automation on the Move RAOTM technical educational event at the Statehouse Convention Center in Little Rock, Arkansas from August focused on optimizing industrial operations to help customers become more globally competitive, and showcased innovation from members of the company's PartnerNetwork program. Leigh Anderson - The methodologies have attracted many followers globally.

The average walking trip is 0. Environmental and lifestyle factors associated with evnironment and obesity in Perth, Australia. Ecologic model relating the built environment to physical activity, diet, and body weight. The use of adult definitions within this investigation may have introduced misclassification, which could have contributed to the null results. Environmental measures of physical activity supports: perception versus reality. This social patterning of food availability may not be as evident in other developed nations, where healthy foods may be more readily available across socioeconomic groups.

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  • In a study carried out in Perth, Australia, Giles-Corti and Donovan 79 found that residents of low-socioeconomic-status neighborhoods had better spatial access to recreational facilities than residents of high-socioeconomic-status neighborhoods but perceived their neighborhoods as less conducive to physical activity.

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  • Its association with many chronic diseases is posing a large threat to public health. Standard definitions were used across adult populations.

Sturm and Datar, Both of these studies found significant positive associations between the mitie built environment and obesity of use of motorized annd and risk of obesity. The factors that influence increases in energy consumption and decreases in energy expenditure are complex and are currently the focus of much research 21 A composite measure of walkability based on three county-level indicators: 1 the negative of average block size; 2 percentage of all blocks having areas less than 0. Both of these studies found no association. Examining the relationships among built environment, physical activity, and body mass index in El Paso, TX.

A composite measure of engironment based on three mitie built environment and obesity indicators: 1 the negative of average block size; 2 percentage of all blocks having areas less than 0. Finally, two studies examined measures relating to transportation 37 Living in areas with greater mixed land use was associated with higher BMI values. Body mass index in elementary school children, metropolitan area food prices and food outlet density.

Perspectives

Several methodological issues were of concern, including the inconsistency of measurements of the built environment across studies, the cross-sectional design of most investigations, and the focus on aspects of either diet or physical activity but not both. Thus, the lack of healthful food purchasing choices in a lower-income neighborhood would be seen conceptually as having a greater impact on residents than the same lack of shopping choices in a more affluent area. Researchers need to consider all the many different built environments to which humans are exposed across their lives.

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  • Indices included dimensions of residential density, land-use mix, and street accessibility.

  • Article Contents Abstract. Information was available at the census tract level, and the distance from the residence to the grocery store was estimated from the centroid of the residential census tract to the centroid of the grocery store census tract.

Barrow Borough Council, the local authority at the centre of a Legionnaires' disease outbreak that killed seven people, has mitie built environment and obesity an internal inquiry into the incident. Forgot your password? A unified health and safety inspection agency is needed to improve the consistency of health and safety enforcement in the UK, says the Institution of Occupational Safety and Health. ISS UK has become a signatory to the European Chicken Commitment which calls for an end to hanging birds upside down and improves the efficiency of stunning prior to slaughter. Consultation opens on HSE cost recovery scheme 26th July The HSE has today opened a three-month consultation on how cost recovery for intervention will work, having already agreed the underlying principle with Government.

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Studies were conducted within both child and adult populations in the United States, Australia, and Europe, allowing for cross-national comparisons of the associations under investigation. If the observations in Boston and Chicago are applicable to Cincinnati, it may be possible that access to safe play space, versus any play space, may be more relevant in the lives of these young children. The number of physical activity facilities and resources e. Inequality in the built environment underlies key health disparities in physical activity and obesity. Social environment and physical activity: a review of concepts and evidence. The study of group-level factors in epidemiology: rethinking variables, study designs, and analytical approaches. Findings from the Brisbane Food Study.

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The association between sprawl obesity and BMI was partially mediated through the number of minutes walked obeaity the past month. Cross-sectional survey of a random sample of 2, children aged 4—18 years drawn from a medical record system in Indiana. Despite this, obesity was linked with area of residence, resources, television, walkability, land use, sprawl, and level of deprivation, showing promise for research utilizing more consistent assessment methods. Skip Nav Destination Article Navigation.

Activity spaces within metropolitan areas and county-level areas may differ. Young children, as compared with adolescents or adults, may be more influenced by their immediate environment than by the larger built environment. Standard definitions were used across adult populations.

Schematic of article abstraction mitiee a Medline search for a review of obesity and the built environment. More on this topic Blues from the Neighborhood? Although ecologic studies may be useful in examining the effect of a group-level variable, such as county-level sprawl, as a predictor of group-level variability in obesity rates, they are unable to investigate the contribution of individual-level factors, such as physical inactivity, to between-group differences. Diez Roux. Researchers need to consider all the many different built environments to which humans are exposed across their lives. Two measures of the built environment included square miles per fast-food restaurant and population per fast-food restaurant.

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  • Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. To meet inclusion criteria, articles had to 1 have a direct measure of body weight and 2 have an objective measure of the built environment.

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Standard definitions were used across adult populations. The county-level, but not buipt, sprawl index was associated with BMI and risk of obesity. Environmental measures assessed were connectivity number of intersections within a 1-km household radiusnet residential density, and land-use mix. Relation of weight gain and weight loss on subsequent diabetes risk in overweight adults. Article Contents Abstract. Gordon-Larsen et al. Sidewalk availability, number and distance to physical activity facilities, mixed land use, intersection density, and slope average change in elevation were used as measures of the built environment.

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Discussion: Management of obesity environmenf far more complex than just requiring people to 'eat less and exercise more'. To meet inclusion criteria, articles had to 1 have a direct measure of body weight and 2 have an objective measure of the built environment. Two types of accessibility mitie built environment affect physical activity obesit dietary behaviors. Trained surveyors assessed the immediate residential environment of all study participants along two dimensions measured from 1 low to 5 high : 1 amount of greenery and vegetation and 2 amount of graffiti, litter, and dog waste visible around dwelling and surrounding streets. Comparison of a spatial approach with the multilevel approach for investigating place effects on health: the example of healthcare utilization in France. Similarly, because it is the interaction of the individual with his or her environment that influences health, measures and concepts may differ for men and women, for families as compared with the elderly or children, and for persons or groups with relatively fewer or greater social or economic resources.

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  • When investigating measures of distance, it may still be necessary to obesoty multilevel models to adjust for area-level confounders, such as neighborhood social cohesion or socioeconomic status, which may be associated with both the distance a person has to travel to the nearest facility or food store and the person's risk of obesity.

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  • Although this review focused on objectively measured aspects of the built environment, behavioral theory would suggest the need to consider both externally observable, objective influences and the interpretation of those attributes by community residents, through measurement of subjective or perceived environmental traits. Cross-sectional survey of 10, study participants aged 16— years residing in the county Atlanta, Georgia, region.

  • Its association with many chronic diseases is posing a large threat to public health.

Levels of assessment between and within studies varied from entire counties down to the individual level. These included land-use mix and the number of fitness facilities, grocery stores, fast-food establishments, and obesity, and minimarts per 1, residents. This is inconsistent with two other studies investigating the influence of land-use mix on BMI in non-Hispanic White populations 35 Email alerts Article activity alert. In addition, researchers examining the relation between a person and his or her environment need to consider how the person's social attributes, including sex, age, family structure, and social roles parent, worker, retiree, etc.

Figure presented by Prof. Report of a World Health Organization consultation on obesity. Kathy J. The metropolitan area sprawl index created by Ewing et al.

Select Format Select format. Proximity may serve as environment and obesity surrogate measure of influence, with aspects of the built environment closest to a residence being seen as having a stronger influence than those farther away. These results held after adjustment for socioeconomic characteristics. Why Americans eat what they do: taste, nutrition, cost, convenience, and weight control concerns as influences on food consumption. The county-level, but not metropolitan-level, sprawl index was associated with BMI and risk of obesity.

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In addition, buiot examining the relation between a person and his or her environment need to consider how the person's social attributes, including sex, age, family structure, and social roles parent, worker, retiree, etc. TABLE 2. Three of the investigations 444749 specifically examined the impact of the built environment on overweight in adolescents.

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  • The number of physical activity facilities, density and length of roadways, and street connectivity were used to describe each cluster.

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Perceived office environments and occupational physical activity in office-based workers. Dated office buildings were not designed to deal with the level of electrical equipment typically seen in modern offices, and pose serious health concerns, says Brad Wilson from Triangle Fire Safety. A Test Valley business is in the running to pick up a prestigious award which recognises the outstanding contribution companies are making to the Hampshire community and economy.

Sidewalk availability, number and distance to physical activity facilities, mixed land use, intersection density, and slope average change in elevation were used as measures of the built environment. Trained surveyors assessed the immediate residential environment of all study participants along two dimensions measured from 1 low to 5 high : 1 amount of greenery and vegetation and 2 amount of graffiti, litter, and dog waste visible around dwelling and surrounding streets. For children, this might include both school and recreational space. If the observations in Boston and Chicago are applicable to Cincinnati, it may be possible that access to safe play space, versus any play space, may be more relevant in the lives of these young children. Several methodological issues were of concern, including the inconsistency of measurements of the built environment across studies, the cross-sectional design of most investigations, and the focus on aspects of either diet or physical activity but not both. Cross-sectional survey of 1, healthy sedentary workers and homemakers aged 18—59 years living in areas within the top and bottom quintiles of social disadvantage in Perth, Australia. This restriction produced 15 empirical studies of the built environment and obesity.

Report of a World Health Organization consultation on obesity. Self-reported height and weight were used to compute a continuous BMI variable. Directionality is difficult to establish within cross-sectional investigations; for example, persons who are obese may be less likely to prioritize access to physical activity and healthy foods in comparison with nonobese persons when selecting residential locations. Neighborhood Characteristics and Depression. Methods used to investigate the relationships between the built environment and obesity were found to be dissimilar across studies and varied from indirect to direct. Four of the five studies carried out in children 36444749 used the age- and sex-specific percentile values for BMI recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 53 to classify overweight for persons under 21 years of age.

Two additional studies that met the inclusion criteria were found by searching the reference sections of the 18 review articles. Neither of these studies included measures of cost within their investigations. Kathy J.

In the first search, abstracts were obtained, and in the second search, 62 abstracts were found. This social patterning of food availability may not mitie built environment and obesity as evident in other developed nations, where healthy foods may be more readily available across socioeconomic groups. To meet inclusion criteria, articles had to 1 have a direct measure of body weight and 2 have an objective measure of the built environment. Individuals provided locations of grocery stores where they shopped. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. Open in new tab. A multilevel analysis of socioeconomic small area differences in household food purchasing behaviour.

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Socioeconomics an urban travel: evidence mitie built environment and obesity the National Household Travel Survey. Search Menu. Understanding the influence of both access to healthy foods and opportunities for physical activity is critical to obtaining a comprehensive picture of the relation between the built environment and obesity. Skip Nav Destination Article Navigation. For example, access to play spaces for young children may incorporate several dimensions beyond convenient locations within walking distance, since it may be unlikely that very young children are allowed to walk to playgrounds without adult supervision.

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  • The most frequently used measure was the density of play space or recreational facilities, with five out of 20 studies using this measure to quantify the availability of opportunities for physical activity.

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  • Rutt and Coleman 40 examined the association between neighborhood measures of access to physical activity and BMI in a predominantly Hispanic adult community, a population with extremely high rates of obesity

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For example, a neighborhood's identity as an ethnic enclave may be determined by the existence of certain key commercial or residential envirinment, by the population composition, or by its identification as such by either insiders or outsiders. Two additional studies that met the inclusion criteria were found by searching the reference sections of the 18 review articles. Neighborhood-based differences in physical activity: an environment scale evaluation. The Web of Science search produced 1, abstracts; 22 met the eligibility criteria, with 19 out of 22 overlapping with the Medline search. For example, data from the US Census provide inexpensive and easily available measures of some aspects of the built environment.

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The new survey for aims to establish whether these concerns have become a reality. IBC Group buiot Despite what you might read in the papers, health and safety is good for Britain and it's good for British business. Going up: BCO lift and escalator guidance 12th August The British Council for Offices has published new guidance for the safe use of escalators and lifts, as the country begins to return to the workplace.

Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and obesity-related health risk factors, Select Format Select format. For example, Whitley and Prince 78 found that residents environment and a low-income area of London, United Kingdom, rated aspects of their neighborhood, such as housing quality, far more positively than third-party raters. Analyses of individual data using nested spatial units, such as census tracts, often fail to examine model fit from a spatial perspective. These articles demonstrate the recent interest in examining environmental influences of obesity risk and document a fruitful area of research.

Saelens et al. The relationship between obesity and the prevalence of fast food restaurants: state-level analysis. More on this topic Blues from the Neighborhood? Close mobile search navigation Article Navigation. Environmental and lifestyle factors associated with overweight and obesity in Perth, Australia. Abstract Background: Obesity has continued to rise in prevalence globally.

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While a recognised psychosocial risk, it can also present as a physical risk in aand of threats and violent. Global 3D wayfinding and mitie built environment and obesity signage solutions provider 22Miles has enhanced the Covid-safety of its interactive solutions with the addition of a touchless Secure Mobile Control SMC feature. Protecting the physical environment of a healthcare facility by implementing effective safety and security solutions, creates an environment that enhances employee productivity and even improves patient outcomes, says Allegion UK's Karen Trigg. Teams from Adler and Allan are undertaking fuel deliveries, and maintaining fleet fuel infrastructure for emergency services, the military, supermarkets and utilities suppliers, during the COVID crisis. GSH Group - If cold air is passing to the rear of equipment without flowing through it, then it is essentially being wasted.

TABLE 2. World Health Organization. Often metrics and measures are not developed solely for the question at hand but are and obesity from existing data sources, which may result in methodological compromises. Evidence from an ecological analysis of obesity and vehicle miles of travel in California. These results held after adjustment for socioeconomic characteristics. This evidence augments the current individual clinical management of obesity by providing guidance to advocates of health and regulators so they are able to design and create environments that foster healthy eating and personal activity.

Residential accessibility determines the destination, mode, and arguably even the frequency of home-based trips For example, data from the US Census provide inexpensive and easily available measures of some aspects of the built environment. Kelly-Schwartz et al.

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  • Given the detrimental health consequences of obesity and the rapidly rising rates, successful prevention efforts are urgently needed. To meet inclusion criteria, articles had to 1 have a direct measure of body weight and 2 have an objective measure of the built environment.

December and talk turns to winter ohesity December Somehow it seems to have become December more quickly than expected, and that raises the question of just how prepared FMs are for the inevitable bad weather. To make the process more efficient a waste pre-treatment centre was opened on site in to give team NEC the ability to sort materials. Businesses overwhelmingly still believe in net zero post the Covid pandemic, according to a survey of future Net Zero readers, with 73 per cent indicating the Covid pandemic has not affected their ambitions to eliminate carbon emissions. The situation is further exacerbated by.

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Google Scholar. Residential accessibility determines the destination, mode, and arguably even the frequency of home-based trips Environmental and lifestyle factors associated with overweight and obesity in Perth, Australia. Burdette and Whitaker, To meet inclusion criteria, articles had to 1 have a direct measure of body weight and 2 have an objective measure of the built environment.

Lopez-Zetina et al. Evidence tends to support the notion that one aspect of the mltie mitie built environment and obesity, namely access to affordable, healthy foods, is constrained within low-income communities in the United States, thus partially explaining the higher rates of obesity seen in low-income communities. For longitudinal analyses, a continuous BMI outcome was used. Longitudinal analyses revealed no statistically significant associations between urban sprawl and changes in BMI over time.

Corporate and industrial analytics provider Empiricai has launched WorkSafe Analytics to help organisations monitor and evaluate COVID safety guideline compliance in real-time. A new facial recognition and thermal imaging solution from Edinburgh-based Builh Services was developed after the company's CEO, Reddy Punna, became infected with Covid on a business trip to India. With Remeha boilers already operating efficiently and reliably in the third boiler room, contractors Aber Heating recommended installing three Remeha Gas Eco Pro boilers into the main boiler room serving the administrative offices and three Remeha Gas Eco Pro boilers into the book stack boiler room. Life safety systems manufacturer Baldwin Boxall has announced the retirement of Finance Director, Neil Williams, following thirteen years of service. CMD Ltd -

  • I have always been a big promoter of developing teams and the people that I work with.

  • The appropriate geographic scale for active-living research is far from clear and can only be determined empirically.

  • By using biometrics at every point of departure, from check-in to take-off, the airport can significantly improve the passenger experience.

  • Burdette and Whitaker,

  • Discussion: Management of obesity is far more complex than just requiring people to 'eat less and exercise more'.

  • UK organisations neglect to protect staff and infrastructure environment and obesity March Many UK organisations admit they are failing to prepare for disruption, despite anv a dramatic increase in the level of upheaval caused by extreme weather conditions and high levels of people and skills loss. The Construction Industry Council, the broad-based group for built environment professionals, is calling for an industry-imposed moratorium on the use of combustible materials in high-rise cladding systems.

PapasMia A. A metropolitan sprawl index was created that incorporated dimensions obewity residential density, land-use mix, degree of centering extent to which development is focused on region's core or regional subcentersand street accessibility length and size of blocks. Advance article alerts. Compositional demographic characteristics, such as the age structure of a neighborhood, may become social-contextual influences on community life

However, there is evidence that envirobment built environment has a unique impact on older adults. The three investigations in adolescents obezity4749 used data from either the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health 4447 or the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 49where self-reported data on weight and height were collected and age- and sex-specific BMI percentiles were used to classify overweight. Neighborhood characteristics associated with the location of food stores and food service places. Environment, obesity, and cardiovascular disease risk in low-income women. Although ecologic studies may be useful in examining the effect of a group-level variable, such as county-level sprawl, as a predictor of group-level variability in obesity rates, they are unable to investigate the contribution of individual-level factors, such as physical inactivity, to between-group differences. Three 384145 of the four studies that examined density or food prices found positive associations with BMI. The contextual effect of the local food environment on residents' diets: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study.

This enables customers across central government and the wider public sector to access a comprehensive range of FM services, says the CCS. The Obestiy and Safety Executive is warning companies responsible for carrying out legionella surveys on water systems of the need to ensure that their work is thorough and accurate. Advocate Aurora Health, Foxconn Technology Group, Johnson Controls and Northwestern Mutual have joined forces to create an early-stage venture capital fund that will invest in transformative and interdisciplinary innovations in healthcare, technology, manufacturing and financial services in the United States and globally. The pilot, to evaluate the effectiveness of testing for people without symptoms of the virus who work in high-contact professions, is underway now.

Inagami et al. Helzlsouer, Tiffany L. Kelly-Schwartz et al.

Simply improving health and safety at work can shave billions of pounds off the nation's debt, according to the group's Mitis. BESA working on new healthy building standard 4th September The plan is to develop a new British Standard designed to establish mitie built benchmarks for healthier buildings. Anc it cannot be stressed enough just how important passive fire protection systems are, obviously they should not be viewed as an alternative to active systems. Aircuity has migrated systems at Michigan State University from its original platform to the next generation Aircuity 2. Global display and touchscreen systems supplier Crystal Display Systems CDS is reporting its most successful year yet as demand from reopening businesses and organisations shifts demand for display solutions away from laptop and tablet screens to larger displays. A leading manufacturer of uninterruptible power supply UPS systems is launching a ground-breaking new maintenance plan that promises an emergency response within a set timeframe and guaranteed fix time.

Distances to fast-food restaurants were not associated with risk of overweight for children aged 3 and 4 years the mean distance was 0. Cross-sectional survey of a random sample of 2, children aged 4—18 years drawn from a medical record system in Indiana. Report of a World Health Organization consultation on obesity. These results held after adjustment for socioeconomic characteristics. The presence of several types of food stores within census tracts where people resided, including supermarkets, grocery stores, convenience stores, full-service restaurants, fast-food franchises, and limited-service restaurants, were used to characterize the built environment. Indices included dimensions of residential density, land-use mix, and street accessibility. Directionality is difficult to establish within cross-sectional investigations; for example, persons who are obese may be less likely to prioritize access to physical activity and healthy foods in comparison with nonobese persons when selecting residential locations.

Objective: The aim of this wnvironment is to examine briefly the nature and complexity of the problem of obesity and to present evidence about the elements of the built environment that are associated with obesity. Geographical clustering of prostate cancer grade and stage at diagnosis, before and after adjustment for risk factors. Rates have been rising rapidly over the past two decades among both children and adults 14—

These results held after adjustment for socioeconomic characteristics. At the county envieonment, the percentage of the workforce commuting outside the county was examined. Although this review focused on objectively measured aspects of the built environment, behavioral theory would suggest the need to consider both externally observable, objective influences and the interpretation of those attributes by community residents, through measurement of subjective or perceived environmental traits. For adults, environments of interest might include residential space, work space, and characteristics of the travel environment between work, shopping, and personal business, social, and recreational activities and the residence.

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The factors that influence increases in energy consumption and decreases in energy expenditure are complex and are currently the focus of much research 21 Ellaway et al. Inclusion criteria for articles in this review were: 1 a direct measure of body weight e. Three of the investigations 444749 specifically examined the impact of the built environment on overweight in adolescents. Several methodological issues were of concern, including the inconsistency of measurements of the built environment across studies, the cross-sectional design of most investigations, and the focus on aspects of either diet or physical activity but not both.

Obedity the importance of the physical and social contexts of individual behavior and the limited success of individual-based mitie built environment and obesity in long-term obesity prevention, more research on the impact of the built environment on obesity is needed. Data on study design, study populations, and measurement of exposures and outcomes for these 20 articles are summarized in table 1. Poor persons, for example, are thought to be more affected by their built environments because their activity spaces are smaller and they are more constrained by lack of transportation and opportunities for mobility. Some elements of the built environment shown to be associated with obesity are urban sprawl, urban design, land-use mix, transport systems, access to and type of food outlets, and building design. Measured height and weight were used to compute a continuous BMI variable.

For studies that examined the density of food outlets, area measurements differed. Both of these studies found significant positive associations between the measures of use of motorized transportation and risk of obesity. Citing articles via Web of Science The relevant articles were evaluated with regard to study design, population studied i. Recently, there has been a growing body of evidence linking aspects of the built environment to obesity 33—

Three 384145 of environmejt four studies that mitie built environment and obesity density or food prices found positive associations with BMI. The three investigations in adolescents 444749 used data from either the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health 4447 or the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 49where self-reported data on weight and height were collected and age- and sex-specific BMI percentiles were used to classify overweight. Do perceptions of neighbourhood environment influence health?

Campaigners are targeting risk assessment as the key to reducing workplace accidents and illnesses. Jane Embury considers fire safety planning and containment within the UK's healthcare and care home sectors, half a century after twenty-four patients died when fire broke out at the Shelton Mental Hospital near Shrewsbury in Shropshire. Churchill Group has secured a two-year cleaning contract with the Royal College of Anaesthetists RCoAthe professional body responsible for anaesthesia throughout the United Kingdom. Chief inspector of buildings named 18th February The Health and Safety Executive has announced the appointment of Peter Baker to establish and lead the new Building Safety Regulator.

A guide from UK facilities and interim management consultancy myfm provides advice on preparing buildings for safe occupancy following the Covid lockdown. These are just as relevant to facilities, and with the advent of cloud, technologies can be easily customised and implemented by other business areas. The engineering services group Ramboll has launched an interactive training app to help businesses prepare for returning to the office. Call for urgent action on ventilation 19th July Good ventilation in public buildings and on transport systems is essential to reducing the risk of Covid and other infections, according to a new report from the Royal Academy of Engineering.

Today he also spends plenty of time supporting people from a coaching and mentoring perspective. Rentokil Initial plc - Find out more about exhibiting and visiting at www. Compass Group PLC -

Open in new tab Download slide. A metropolitan sprawl index was created that incorporated dimensions of residential density, land-use mix, degree of centering extent to which development is focused on region's core or regional subcentersand street accessibility length and size of blocks. The PsychINFO search produced 53 abstracts; five met the eligibility criteria, with five out of five overlapping with the Medline search. When investigating measures of distance, it may still be necessary to use multilevel models to adjust for area-level confounders, such as neighborhood social cohesion or socioeconomic status, which may be associated with both the distance a person has to travel to the nearest facility or food store and the person's risk of obesity. Measure of the built environment No.

Open in new obesiry. Several methodological issues were of concern, including the inconsistency of measurements of the built environment across studies, the cross-sectional design of most investigations, and the focus on aspects of either diet or physical activity but not both. A growing interest in activity modeling, through the use of activity diaries and assessment of activity spaces and patterns, has also raised important methodological concerns. Transportation-related activity was measured by daily time spent in a car and distance walked as collected through 2-day travel diaries. Recent discussions regarding the obesity epidemic have focused on the role the environment plays in increasing energy consumption and decreasing energy expenditure 23—

Analyses of individual data using nested spatial units, such as census tracts, often fail envidonment examine model fit from a spatial perspective. Lopez, Finally, two studies examined measures relating to transportation 37 Both of these studies found significant positive associations between the measures of use of motorized transportation and risk of obesity.

  • So, if we have a generation with higher rates of depression, it would not be surprising for it to carry into the workplace… I think employers need to tackle obesity, physical well-being and mental health.

  • Why Americans eat what they do: taste, nutrition, cost, convenience, and weight control concerns as influences on food consumption.

  • Managing safety and risk in workforce transition 14th July With the threat of the Covid pandemic far from over, facility owners and managers need to stay up to date with the latest information, and stay flexible in their return-to-work planning.

  • Paul Lucas, managing director of Artic building Services, explains why the daily responsibilities of facilities managers extend well beyond managing contracts and contractors. The cost of fire damage now stands at a record level according to research published by the Association of British Insurers.

Three of the investigations 444749 specifically examined the impact of the built environment on overweight in adolescents. Interventions for preventing obesity in children. Saelens et al. Given the detrimental health consequences of obesity and the rapidly rising rates, successful prevention efforts are urgently needed.

Relations were stronger among Whites than among Blacks. Objective measures of the built environment were collected across all studies, with density measures of either recreational facilities or food sources being the most commonly used metric assessing availability. Ideally, different scales would be tested against outcomes in the same study, and more than one scale might have explanatory power. Email alerts Article activity alert. A second challenge relates to the concept of accessibility. Increased mixed land use and daily distance walked were associated with reduced obesity; increased time spent in a car was associated with increased obesity. Two longitudinal studies were conducted, with one 41 finding a significant positive association between lower fruit and vegetable prices and lesser gains in BMI over a 3-year period and the other 49 finding no association between county-level urban sprawl and 7-year change in BMI.

The commission convened the taskforce following publication of its report The Invisible Workforce: employment practices in the cleaning sector. But how will this affect availability in shops and what must you do to prepare for the switch to LEDs? UK business better prepared for disruption 8th December British businesses are becoming better prepared for disruption or disaster, according to the British Standards Institution. Tim Morris, Cymphony managing director, explains why telephone answering services are particularly in demand over the festive season.

Moneypenny client since Also materials can be analysed to confirm that materials environment and independently give greater confidence in the overall structure. The group has joined a global trade union federation for workers throughout the food chain in signing a declaration of intent on health and safety. The advanced, ultra-high-speed digital single-pass printer has the potential to revolutionise the textile printing market, providing users with high uptime and reliability, outstanding performance, superior printing uniformity and accuracy, long printhead life and minimal maintenance needs. Life safety control systems manufacturer Kentec has appointed Kevin Swann as its new Managing Director. Global pipeline infrastructure company Aquam Technologies has strengthened its UK team for industrial and commercial markets with three senior appointments.

A metropolitan sprawl environment and obesity was created that incorporated dimensions of residential density, land-use mix, degree of centering extent to which development is focused on region's core mitif regional subcentersand street accessibility length and size of blocks. Study author s and year ref. These characteristics are considered in more detail below. For example, distance and travel time to a resource such as a hospital are often of interest, because they capture one dimension of access to health care. There is evidence that, in addition to measuring structural aspects of the built environment, measures of the social environment are also important influences on food consumption and activity

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