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I am obese and trying to get pregnant: Weight, fertility and pregnancy health

Fertil Steril. Office of Women's Health.

William Murphy
Thursday, August 9, 2018
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  • If it sounds extreme, then it is probably not medically recommended. Learn why being overweight can prevent ovulation and how losing weight before pregnancy can increase fertility and your odds for a healthy pregnancy.

  • Other optimum fertility signs include a high, open and soft cervical position and very wet and stretchy cervical mucus.

  • Irregular Cycles? So while there is no magic number, 10 pounds is a good place to start.

  • A single copy of these materials may be reprinted for noncommercial personal use only. This means that when hormones reach a certain level, other hormones are adjusted accordingly.

  • But weight loss through diet, lifestyle and other changes significantly improves these outcomes.

What is a Healthy Weight?

Fat cells also produce some sex hormones. However, women with PCOS may require additional treatment to get pregnant, including medications to decrease insulin resistance. Compared to women in the healthy weight range, women who are underweight are more likely to take more than a year to get pregnant.

If your plan is clear and simple pregnamt is easier to stick to it. If you have a very high BMI you may feel like it is an impossible task to reach the healthy range and you may have been struggling with your weight your whole life. The stars have aligned. The results on weight loss and IVF are mixed.

  • Your doctor can do a complete physical and help advise you on the best way to lose the weight.

  • Why Is My Period Late?

  • Caton lost 20 pounds and underwent a successful round of IVF. She visited the doctor and learned her surgery needed to be postponed.

  • Journal of the Turkish-German Gynecological Association 16 2 See more conditions.

  • Her B. Weight loss in men who are overweight or obese can significantly increase total sperm count and quality.

Weight-science researchers are aware of how that lack of compassion can have health consequences. This needs to be prescribed by your doctor, so make an appointment as soon as you start planning a pregnancy. Taking a pregnancy test. These include increased risk of:. International Textbook of Obesity.

A diet will never be as effective as healthy habits. Get diet and wellness tips to help your kids stay healthy and happy. Christine Lee earned her Ph. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Why Is My Period Late? Password Forgot your password? This, in turn, may help you conceive.

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Here's How to Get Pregnant. Go here to link your subscription. Some research indicates it may also help women with PCOS ovulate and lower their risk of miscarriage.

  • Visit NYT Parenting for the info you need about fertility and more. Article Sources.

  • There can even be regional differences within the country.

  • The accessible pregnancy test prototype that allows those who are blind and partially sighted to discover the result for themselves. The Science on Weight and Fertility.

  • What are your concerns?

  • Meredith Snook, an assistant professor in the department of obstetrics, gynecology and reproductive sciences at the University of Pittsburgh, told TODAY.

  • In extreme cases, menstruation can cease completely.

Office of Women's Health. Your baby could also gain too much weight if you have diabetes or gestational diabetes. This content does not have an Ajd version. The exact reason for this is unknown. Supplementation with folic acid and other pre-natal vitamins C and E and minerals calcium are beneficial for fertility. Another study of men that looked at BMI and weight circumference found that ejaculate volume and sperm counts declined as BMI and weight circumference went up.

Weight and Fertility-pdf. You could: phone a friend go for i am obese and trying to get pregnant walk get a glass of water or a mug of fruit tea have a warm bath, go for a walk put some music on read a book. That goes for men, too, since a recent French study showed their excess poundage contributed to low sperm production. The information and materials contained on this website are not intended to constitute a comprehensive guide concerning all aspects of the therapy, product or treatment described on the website. Her B. For many people, that feeling is enough to stay on track but you could also reward yourself when you stick to your plan.

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Reprod Biol Endocrinol. Ann Transl Med. Not Trying to Get Pregnant Immediately If you are not trying for a baby right now, but want to in the near future, now is the perfect time to lose weight. Fertil Steril. Abnormal body weight: a preventable cause of infertility.

A large baby can lead to a more challenging delivery and a higher chance for a cesarean section. Practice Bulletin No. If you're significantly overweight, hrying feel like your situation is hopeless. That can sometimes be the difference in helping your body ovulate regularly. Normal ovulation is an essential requirement for conceiving. Rather than going by weight alone, it's better to look at your body mass index BMIwhich calculates the ratio of your weight to your height.

Being overweight will not stop your doctor from sending you for fertility tests. Look at focusing on the quality of the food that you eat, whilst trying to slightly reduce the quantity. Lori Arnold, a fertility specialist in Encinitas, California. Sleep apnea is also more common among women who are obese. BMI determines body fat with the aid of a formula based on height and weight. In overweight or obese women, the excess estrogen levels eventually lead the reproductive system to shut down.

But weight loss through diet, lifestyle and other changes significantly improves these outcomes. Men, Weight, and Fertility. What are your concerns? You may be referred to a dietitian if you need more help to lose weight. Are you underweight? If it sounds extreme, then it is probably not medically recommended. But as the months pass, so does your patience.

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Not necessarily. You may have difficulty getting pregnant if you are Download now. Another woman may be technically pretnant but ovulates every month and has regular periods, giving her more chances to get pregnant. Women with a high waist to hip ratio the typical apple body shape found it harder to conceive than women with a low waist to hip ratio the typical pear body shape.

If you have a BMI of 35 or above at the start of your pregnancy, your risk of pre-eclampsia a pregnancy condition that can be dangerous for mother and baby is double that of a woman who has a BMI under Thyroid disorders are also known to both cause problems with weight and fertility. You can also find weight loss support groups in your area on the website. They also offer sessions about coping with the emotional challenges of infertility. I encourage my patients to focus on balancing their diet before trying to conceive. View all reproductive system - female. This is more likely to occur in women who are anorexic, professional athletes, or morbidly obese.

For women who are overweighttheir fat cells produce estriol, which is a weak estrogen. New prebnant BabyCenter? Learn why being overweight can prevent ovulation and how losing weight before pregnancy can increase fertility and your odds for a healthy pregnancy. Having a high BMI during pregnancy increases the risk of various pregnancy complications, including:. Cervical length Chickenpox and pregnancy Depression during pregnancy Diastasis recti Miscarriage and stress Epilepsy and pregnancy Fingolimod during pregnancy: Is it safe? Hollins-Martin C, ed.

That goes for men, too, since a recent French study obess their excess poundage contributed to low sperm production. Studies have shown lower pregnancy rates and higher miscarriage rates in obese women. Get your partner on board as well by planning menus or signing up for an exercise class together. While the facts about obesity and reproductive outcomes can seem daunting, there is some good news. How do you know whether you're pregnant or not?

Does a woman's weight impact her fertility?

Our midwife Nikki explains that while it's more difficult, many women still conceive naturally and have healthy pregnancies over Body mass index: obesity, BMI, and health: a critical review. We use body mass indexor BMI, to determine if a person is overweight.

Sign up now. Being overweight will teying stop your doctor from sending you for fertility tests. He or she might recommend:. If you are not trying for a baby right now, but want to in the near future, now is the perfect time to lose weight. Table of Contents View All.

ALSO READ: Research On Obesity

But the healthiest BMI for pregnancy is different for everyone. Meanwhile, a large study of just over 1, men trylng that abnormally low and high BMI was associated with poor semen health. Taking a pregnancy test. Her doctor declined to comment for this article. When we talked a year later, she told me how she had survived the first months consuming only liquids, and then, tiny portions of fat-free refried beans.

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  • So if you are overweight and trying to get pregnant, reaching and maintaining a healthy weight will help you to both conceive and maintain a healthy pregnancy.

  • Sometimes, a hormonal imbalance leads to a weight problem. What Can I Do?

  • To optimize your health before — and during — pregnancyaim for a BMI below Women in their 20s who may not be thinking about pregnancy can work on developing healthy diet and exercise habits.

Talk to your doctor or ii nutritionist who can help you plan a healthy diet and create a doable exercise plan. Another woman may be technically obese but ovulates every month and has regular periods, giving her more chances to get pregnant. Be sure your basic hormone levels are checked, and that your doctor at least tests you for insulin resistance, PCOS, and thyroid imbalances. Working with your health care provider can help you manage your risks and promote a healthy pregnancy. Get pregnant fast! They also offer sessions about coping with the emotional challenges of infertility.

Be sure your basic hormone levels are checked, and that your doctor at least tests you for insulin resistance, PCOS, and thyroid imbalances. Obesity tk disruptor of i am obese and trying to get pregnant female fertility. Balzano — whom I have known since high school — lives in Waltham, Mass. What Is Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome? Ideal weight for conception varies Overweight and fertility in women Overweight and fertility in men Overweight and pregnancy health Getting ready for pregnancy Tips for a healthier weight before pregnancy Underweight and fertility Where to get help. Folic acid prevents neural tube defects in the baby, such as spina bifida. Weight loss surgery bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for weight loss in women with a BMI greater than

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But as the months pass, so does your patience. If Robben followed these directions correctly, the doctor expected her to lose 50 pounds in a month, much more than the monthly rate of four to eight pounds considered safe by major health organizations. If you have a high BMI, bringing it closer to the healthy range before trying for a baby will help you get pregnant as well as improving the health of your future pregnancy and child. To critics of B. Women who carry weight more proportionally or in their lower extremities or butt tend to have a little less risk.

What you do not want to do is go on an extreme diet. Thyroid disorders are also known to both cause problems with weight and fertility. BMI uses height and weight to calculate body fat. While a women's weight plays a role in infertility, obese or overweight fathers also contribute to the issue. Calculate your BMI.

For your security, we've sent a confirmation email to the address you entered. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Claim Your prwgnant Free Pregnancy Tests — Click Here Moreover, if an obese woman does become pregnant, she could suffer from gestational diabetes during pregnancy and pre-eclampsia high blood pressure during pregnancy. Sometimes, a hormonal imbalance leads to a weight problem. Explaining the Latest Numbers on Home Births.

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Losing body fat causes additional fertility problems, including hormonal imbalances a drop in progesterone levelabnormal ovulation and a reduction in egg follicle growth. Products and services. This reduces fertility by affecting the ovaries, causing them to develop cysts, not release eggs and produce high levels of male hormones.

  • Follow her on Twitter to see her recent stories.

  • Irregular Cycles?

  • What are your concerns?

  • Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center.

Explaining the Latest Numbers on Home Births. This was documented by a study published in the journal Human Reproductionin which 13 overweight women who were not ovulating were assigned to a weight-loss program. You should first consult with a healthcare provider. Babies born to very overweight mothers have an increased risk of childhood and adult obesity and other long-term health problems. J Turk Ger Gynecol Assoc. To optimize your health before — and during — pregnancyaim for a BMI below

Please try again later. So fine, why not my stomach? Make half your plate vegetables wnd lunch and dinner. Yet another possibility, your weight may be in the normal range, but you may carry more fat and less muscle than is healthy. Some aspects of fertility treatment can be more complicated for larger patients. If you're aware of why you're eating, that's a big step towards taking control of eating when you're not hungry.

The Ultimate Guides

Caton lost 20 pounds and underwent a successful round of IVF. The couple braced themselves to hear some painful truths about fertility treatments. Surgery when you are obese comes with an increased risk of infection, blood clots and reduced mobilization after delivery. This is where the conversation about risk and responsibility turns.

William Bates, M. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our i am obese and trying to get pregnant accurate, reliable, and trustworthy. Sometimes, other underlying causes, like various reproductive tract diseases are responsible for female infertility. This is why athletes and underweight women may stop menstruating altogether. Sign up to receive the latest health and science news, plus answers to wellness questions and expert tips. If the hormonal problem is ignored, not only may losing weight be difficult to impossible, but there may be other factors preventing you from getting pregnant.

Losing Weight Safely. Six months later, they had lost an average of Yet another possibility, your weight may be in the normal range, but you may carry more fat and less muscle than is healthy. Losing the weight slowly and in a healthy way is best for your fertility and your overall health.

Does a man's weight impact his fertility?

Other pregnancy problems that are more likely tryijg you have a high BMI are: thrombosis blood clots gestational diabetes diabetes in pregnancy premature birth where the baby is born before they are fully developed a longer labour emergency caesarean section heavy bleeding after birth. So while there is no magic number, 10 pounds is a good place to start. Hoop UK is a charity that supports people with issues surrounding weight management and obesity.

Those women may be genetically wired to have that body type, while central obesity is usually the result of lifestyle and habits. If your BMI is over 30, for example, bringing it down to 28 will really help. I am obese and trying to get pregnant could: phone ad friend go for a walk get a glass of water or a mug of fruit tea have a warm bath, go for a walk put some music on read a book. Inwhen Swedish researchers put high-weight women on a liquid diet for 12 weeks before starting I. Fit in regular physical activity like walking to the shops, taking the stairs and walking with a friend. If it sounds extreme, then it is probably not medically recommended. When I knew Balzano back in high school, she was a quirky, glitter-covered theater kid who wrote plays about fairy tales.

Try it Free. Doctors consider a BMI between 19 and 25 to be ideal. Committee Opinion No. It may be more complicated than that. It causes the reproductive system to shut down. Check your basal body temperature and use ovulation predictor kits to know ahead when ovulation occurs and boost your chances of conceiving. They also found that the more overweight the woman is, the lower her chances of pregnancy.

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Kort J, et al. Research has shown that being overweight can also make it tougher to have a baby through in vitro fertilization IVFpossibly by affecting the ability of the embryo to implant in the uterus. This is an anti-estrogen.

  • Updated January 31,

  • Which sex hormones they produce will depend on a number of factors, including whether a person is underweight, at a healthy weight, or obese. Some research indicates it may also help women with PCOS ovulate and lower their risk of miscarriage.

  • She understood weighing pounds would make getting pregnant harder. Join a club Joining Weight Watchers or another slimming club is a good idea as it has been shown to help people lose weight.

  • Understand the risks of obesity during pregnancy — plus steps to promote a healthy pregnancy.

  • But try not to focus too much on the end goal because that can be overwhelming.

Taking a pregnancy test. There is good evidence that obesity lowers the success obeae of in vitro fertilization IVF. If you have a BMI of 30 or above you are advise to take 5 mg per day. The State of Victoria and the Department of Health shall not bear any liability for reliance by any user on the materials contained on this website. If Robben followed these directions correctly, the doctor expected her to lose 50 pounds in a month, much more than the monthly rate of four to eight pounds considered safe by major health organizations.

Get moving every day. Other pregnancy problems that are more likely if you wnd a high BMI are: thrombosis blood clots gestational diabetes diabetes in pregnancy premature birth where the baby is born before they are fully developed a longer labour emergency caesarean section heavy bleeding after birth. Balzano was now Since her last attempt, she has lost and regained 40 pounds. Chelsea Ritchie, now the mother of twins in Ham Lake, Minn. Making a plan to lose weight. This was documented by a study published in the journal Human Reproductionin which 13 overweight women who were not ovulating were assigned to a weight-loss program.

Thank you!

Losing Weight Safely. Normal ovulation is an essential requirement for conceiving. Download now.

The belief znd a high body weight causes infertility, and its corollary — that weight loss is necessary to resolve infertility — underpin almost every interaction a heavy woman will have with the reproductive health care industry. Central obesity, which is around the abdomen, is generally considered the higher risk for cardiovascular disease, diabetes and ovulation difficulties. When they arrived, a concierge greeted the couple as soon as they walked in. In women who are obese, even a small weight loss improves fertility and pregnancy health. Already a print subscriber? Body mass index: obesity, BMI, and health: a critical review.

New Planning for Pregnancy tool launched to support safe and healthy pregnancies. Jodi declined to give her full name. Studies have shown lower pregnancy rates and higher miscarriage rates in obese women. As part of the prep, she lost 25 pounds. Parents' health before pregnancy affects future pregnancy and baby. Good health is often equated with being a disciplined person, a responsible citizen, a worthier mother.

Thank you!

For women who have a BMI of 40 or higher, gaining less than the recommended trging or losing weight during pregnancy might lower the risk of a C-section or having a baby significantly larger than average. Any of these issues can lead to problems with ovulation. This is because women who are overweight tend to have higher levels of the hormone oestrogen. Privately Funded Fertility Treatment Being overweight may also affect you if you plan to have fertility treatment privately, as some Fertility Clinics have rules that exclude people who are overweight.

  • Abnormal body weight: a preventable cause of infertility.

  • Click the link to confirm your subscription and begin receiving our newsletters.

  • Parents' health before pregnancy affects future pregnancy and baby. For your security, we've sent a confirmation email to the address you entered.

  • BMI uses height and weight to calculate body fat.

  • There are also a number of "fertility diet" plans online.

  • Body mass index in relation to semen quality and reproductive hormones among 1, Danish men. Understanding BMI and Fertility.

And the pregnancy weight gain only makes it worse. The Science on Weight and Fertility. Your baby could also gain too much weight if you have diabetes or gestational diabetes. If you've been trying to get pregnant, there are a few ways to find out whether you're pregnant. Why Is My Period Late? You may also be advised against some birth choices, such as a home birth.

Being underweight BMI under Meredith Snook, an assistant professor in the department of obstetrics, gynecology and reproductive sciences at the University of Pittsburgh, told TODAY. This is likely due to a combination of factors including: hormone problems problems with erection other health conditions linked to obesity. The place felt too slick and fancy.

If you would like to know more about what to expect when visiting the doctor, check out the section Your Visit to the Doctor for more information. Optimizing natural fertility in couples planning pregnancy. Check your basal body temperature and use ovulation predictor kits to know ahead when ovulation occurs and boost your chances of conceiving. It may be more complicated than that. One study found that men who were overweight were more likely to have lower sperm counts and poorer sperm motility. If you're significantly overweight, don't feel like your situation is hopeless. J Turk Ger Gynecol Assoc.

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When we talked a year later, she told me how she had survived the first prefnant consuming only liquids, and then, tiny portions of fat-free refried beans. What Can I Do? Studies have indicated that doctors across all specialties are more likely to consider an overweight patient uncooperative, less compliant and even less intelligent than a thinner counterpart.

Controlled weight loss. Even in women who regularly ovulate, the higher the BMIthe longer it appears to take to become pregnant. Tyring is finding that male fertility may also suffer when a man is overweight. Thank you! BMI determines body fat with the aid of a formula based on height and weight. Supplementation with folic acid and other pre-natal vitamins C and E and minerals calcium are beneficial for fertility.

ALSO READ: Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Complex Deficiency Prevalence Of Obesity

This is an anti-estrogen. Office on Women's Health. Wageningen, Netherlands: Wageningen Academic Publishers. See more conditions. A large baby can lead to a more challenging delivery and a higher chance for a cesarean section. Normal ovulation is an essential requirement for conceiving. What are your concerns?

One study found that men who were overweight were more likely to have lower sperm counts a, poorer sperm motility. This, in turn, may help you conceive. Being obese or significantly overweight may make it harder to get pregnant. Male obesity and alteration in sperm parameters. William Bates, M. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.

Read more about how age can affect your fertility. Are you underweight? Body mass index in relation to semen quality and reproductive hormones among 1, Danish men. You could: phone a friend go for a walk get a glass of water or a mug of fruit tea have a warm bath, go for a walk put some music on read a book. Then suddenly, inshe was much less so. Sign Up. Your body mass index BMI is a number based on your height and weight.

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Updated April 1, If you are dieting, it is also important that you take pregnancy supplements whilst trying to conceive to ensure that you have sufficient stores of all the important vitamins and minerals. This is an anti-estrogen. Staying healthy and safe. Weight and fertility.

Taking a qnd test. He estimates that around 60 percent of those women follow through. Getting ready for pregnancy If you are planning to get pregnant, starting a healthy eating and exercise plan now improves your chances of getting pregnant and having a healthy baby. Table of Contents View All. Reward yourself! Fit in regular physical activity like walking to the shops, taking the stairs and walking with a friend.

Studies have found that obesity reduces the rate of pregnancy and live births in women using ART, and increases the rate of miscarriage. Check the box if you do not wish to receive promotional offers via email from TIME. While a women's weight plays a role in infertility, obese or overweight fathers also contribute to the issue. International Textbook of Obesity. It can also lead to difficulties with assisted reproductionsuch as in-vitro fertilisation IVFovulation induction and intracytoplasmic sperm injection ICSI.

What Should I Do If I Am Overweight and Trying to Get Pregnant?

This is because sperm take about 3 months to develop and being in the healthy weight range during this time helps develop healthy sperm. Surgery when you pregnant obese comes with an increased risk of infection, blood clots and reduced mobilization after delivery. However, even slight variations from the normal can cause fertility problems. Ask your doctor about any dietary supplements you may need, such as folic acid and iodine. Women with PCOS who have been treated with Glucophage metforminan insulin resistance medication used off- label in the treatment of PCOS, may have an easier time losing weight while on the drug.

It can also lead to difficulties with assisted reproductionsuch as in-vitro fertilisation IVFovulation induction and i am obese and trying to get pregnant sperm injection ICSI. Infertility results when something goes amiss during any of these steps. Surgery when you are obese comes with an increased risk of infection, blood clots and reduced mobilization after delivery. Making a plan to lose weight The best way to get closer to a healthy weight is to eat a healthy, reduced-calorie diet and to become more active. She gave birth to her son, Nicholas, on September 15, Summary Read the full fact sheet.

See all in Getting Pregnant. For women who are overweighttheir fat cells produce estriol, which is a weak estrogen. Go here to link obrse subscription. Some research indicates it may also help women with PCOS ovulate and lower their risk of miscarriage. Find out about the possible complications, recommendations for weight gain and what you can do to promote a healthy pregnancy. They looked at the relationship between their difficulty becoming pregnant and their BMI.

  • But many are unaware that this can also reduce fertility and the chance of having a healthy baby. Send me expert insights each week in Health Essentials News.

  • Once you have achieved a healthy weight, maintain it for about a year in order to maximise the health benefits and increase your chance of conceiving. To optimize your health before — and during — pregnancyaim for a BMI below

  • If you're aware of why you're eating, that's a big step towards taking control of eating when you're not hungry. Content disclaimer Content on this website is provided for information purposes only.

  • Central obesity, which is around the abdomen, is generally considered the higher risk for cardiovascular disease, diabetes and ovulation difficulties. Inwhen Swedish researchers put high-weight women on a liquid diet for 12 weeks before starting I.

  • Please try again later.

The female reproductive system works on a feedback loop. If you get your period every 28 days or so, it's likely that your weight isn't interfering with ovulation and it won't hurt your chances of getting pregnant. Accessed Nov. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission.

Ideally you want to be in the BMI healthy weight range of Get diet and wellness tips to help your kids stay healthy and happy. This content does not have an English version. Or divide your weight in kilograms by your height in meters squared.

Making a plan to lose weight

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Or divide your weight in kilograms by your height in meters squared. Here's How to Get Pregnant. Featured video. You have successfully subscribed to our newsletter.

  • They also have higher blood pressure and higher levels of stress hormones. Use a smaller plate to help reduce your portion sizes.

  • And the pregnancy weight gain only makes it worse. Abnormal body weight: a preventable cause of infertility.

  • Inwhen Swedish researchers put high-weight women on a liquid diet for 12 weeks before starting I.

Yet another possibility, your weight may be in the normal range, but you may carry more fat and less muscle than pregjant healthy. What Is Fertility? For instance, some overweight women have a condition called polycystic ovarian syndrome PCOS. If you are dieting, it is also important that you take pregnancy supplements whilst trying to conceive to ensure that you have sufficient stores of all the important vitamins and minerals. Learn more about vaccine availability.

Metformin use tryinv women with polycystic ovary syndrome. This hormone normally helps the body use and store sugars and starches from food, but too much of it causes the body to release an excess of male hormones called androgens. Just weighing yourself is not a good way to work out if you are overweight or not, as it does not take into account your general body build. Central obesity, which is around the abdomen, is generally considered the higher risk for cardiovascular disease, diabetes and ovulation difficulties.

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