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Articles on obesity in america: Obesity in America

Therefore, due to the increased prevalence of obesity, unemployment may increase and appropriately qualified obese individuals may stay unemployed due to discrimination or fear of it in the workplace

William Murphy
Thursday, February 21, 2019
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  • The short-term and long-term effects of obesity on the health of children is a significant concern because of the negative psychological and health consequences.

  • Research continues on the role of other factors in energy balance and weight gain such as chemical exposures and the role of the microbiome. Sarcopenia is a condition of age-related loss of muscle mass and strength and is a common problem in old age.

  • The Best Diets for Cognitive Fitnessis yours absolutely FREE aryicles you sign up to receive Health Alerts from Harvard Medical School Sign up to get tips for living a healthy lifestyle, with ways to fight inflammation and improve cognitive healthplus the latest advances in preventative medicine, diet and exercisepain relief, blood pressure and cholesterol management, and more.

  • Decreased quality of life associated with obesity in school-aged children.

Consequences of Obesity

Spring Obesity a growing public health problem In obeeity, there were an estimated million obese adults worldwide. A pattern of healthy eating and regular physical activity is also important for long-term health benefits and prevention of chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease. Some illnesses may lead to obesity or weight gain.

  • While somewhat less sinister, added sugar can also wreak major damage on a diet. Being able to identify the risk factors and potential causes of childhood obesity is one of the best strategies for preventing the epidemic.

  • Figure 5. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.

  • Multiple markers of inflammation and weight status: cross-sectional analyses throughout childhood. Don't miss your FREE gift.

  • Activation of a lateral hypothalamic-ventral tegmental circuit gates motivation. Genetic changes in human populations occur too slowly to be responsible for the obesity epidemic.

Patient Educ Couns. The physiology of energy regulation may result in obesity in obesiyt people when it goes awry from genetic and environmental modulators. Consequently, it is associated with several comorbidity conditions such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, sleep apnea, poor self-esteem, and even serious forms of depression. Vegan and paleo: Pluses and minuses to watch.

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. So it boesity not just how much we eat, but what we eat. Generally, doctors and nutritionists classify people as either underweight, healthy weight, overweight, or obese. Ready for your routine medical checkup? Overweight, obesity, and health-related quality of life among adolescents: the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. US Food and Drug Administration.

Faculty of Public Health. Rarely, a clear pattern of inherited obesity within a family is caused by a specific variant of a single gene monogenic obesity. Learn More. Diabetes UK.

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This is often caused by the activation of tissue leukocytes. The hypothalamic region is where the center of the regulation of hunger and satiety is located. Staying Healthy. Don't miss your FREE gift. As a service to our readers, Harvard Health Publishing provides access to our library of archived content.

Moreover, effective action to prevent the childhood obesity epidemic requires evidence-based on early life risk factors, and this evidence, unfortunately, is still incomplete. The hypothalamic region is where the center of the regulation of hunger and satiety is located. Learn about community strategies to make it easier to be physically active. Preventing childhood obesity: tips for parents. However, diet control is only one component of the control and prevention of childhood obesity, while adequate exercise is another.

ALSO READ: Reticulocitos En Sangre Anemia Diet

Prevalence of childhood and adult obesity in the United States, It took ameriica decades to learn that when something is fat-free and full-flavored, it's probably too good to be true. Nicotine addiction explained — and how medications can help. As decades of soda and tv dinners caught up with our waistlines, the U. S [ CrossRef ] [ Google Scholar ].

February 01, This schizophrenic relationship with food is easy to explain in terms of marketing schemes. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. Productivity measures include employees being absent from work for obesity-related health reasons, decreased productivity while at work, and premature death and disability. Circadian rhythms in diet-induced obesity.

Introduction

Take the next step toward your future with online learning. US Food and Drug Administration. J Sch Health. The role of neuropeptide Y and peptide YY in the development of obesity via gut-brain axis.

  • Sometimes you only have time to pack a leftover pizza slice and a slim-fast for lunch, irony be damned. US Food and Drug Administration.

  • Royal College of Physicians of London. BBC News.

  • Obesity: What Are the Consequences?

  • Prevention and treatment of pediatric obesity: an endocrine society clinical practice guideline based on expert opinion. Preventing childhood obesity by reducing consumption of carbonated drinks: cluster randomised controlled trial.

While somewhat less sinister, added sugar can also wreak major damage on a diet. Additional negative health consequences include insulin articlea, type 2 diabetes, asthma, hypertension, high total, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in the blood, sleep apnea, early puberty, orthopedic problems, and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis 4647 Figure 4. Asthma and obesity: a known association but unknown mechanism. Obesity Silver Spring.

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Obesity therapeutic want to get healthier. School-aged boys Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link. US Food and Amegica Administration. Other studies have been conducted regarding the association between psychiatric disorders and obesity; these have resulted in conflict due to obesity being found to be an insignificant factor for psychopathology. Technology has thus made it increasingly possible for firms to mass prepare food and ship to consumers for ready consumption, thereby taking advantage of scale economies in food preparation.

Obesity has become stigmatized, and discrimination america significant challenges in education, health care, and employment. Professor Hubert Lacey, from the Royal College amerifa Psychiatrists said that obesity causes depression rather than depression causing obesity The gloomier picture of the likely threat that the increased prevalence of obesity possesses is concerning. Add this to the higher amount of calories we are packing in, and we get a perfect recipe for weight gain. Other innovative fiscal levers to alter behavior could also drive down obesity.

Woo JG. Defining obesity requires a suitable measurement of body fat and an appropriate cutoff range. Obes Rev. Similarly, healthy eating practices should be taught by schools as a mandatory and essential method in the prevention of childhood obesity.

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Int J Obes. The Best Diets for Cognitive Fitnessis yours absolutely FREE when you sign up to receive Articles on obesity in america Alerts from Harvard Medical School Sign up to get tips for living a healthy lifestyle, with ways to fight inflammation and improve cognitive healthplus the latest advances in preventative medicine, diet and exercisepain relief, blood pressure and cholesterol management, and more. Potential Risk Factors of Childhood Obesity. In some cases, genetics seem responsible; in others, various combinations of hormonal, metabolic, and behavioral factors appear to play a role.

This is america caused by the activation of tissue leukocytes. The pattern among girls was similar to the pattern in all children and adolescents. The use of pharmacotherapy should also be considered in overweight children with a strong family history of type 2 diabetes or cardiovascular risk factors. Excess body fat is a major health concern in childhood and adolescent populations. While all the above-mentioned factors are informative, there is still the need for further research concerning childhood and adolescent obesity and obesity in general.

Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information amfrica products presented on the website. Most obesity, however, probably results from complex interactions among multiple genes and environmental factors that remain poorly understood multifactorial obesity. The association between obesity and other conditions makes it a public health concern for children and adolescents. Third, stress triggers physiological changes in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, reward processing in the brain, and possibly the gut microbiome.

News from the School

But we can ask what kinds of messages appeal to politically divergent audiences. E-mail address: moc. See strategies to prevent obesity and school health guidelines. Compared with the medical definition of obesity 5the public health explanation places emphasis on the preventive and causative factors.

Child Obes. Low-fat and fat-free products flew off supermarket shelves. Recent Blog Articles. Stigma experienced by children and adolescents with obesity.

Furthermore, a articles on obesity in america study has attempted to capture the complete ameica of childhood obesity early life course risk factors. Prevention and treatment of pediatric obesity: an endocrine society clinical practice guideline based on expert opinion. Since the s, popular nutrition wisdom and fad diets have flamed in and out just as quickly as the Arch Deluxe or the McRib. These different classifications are determined by body mass index BMIor a measure of body fat based on your height and weight.

Why are Americans Obese?

More than three-quarters of your plate would be taken up by a massive corn fritter 80 percent of benefits go to corn, grains and soy oil. A article in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition showed that substituting whole grains for refined grains led to a loss of nearly calories a day—by speeding up metabolism, cutting the number of calories that the body hangs on to, and, more surprisingly, by changing the digestibility of other foods on the plate. Obesity—a public health crisis. Add this to the higher amount of calories we are packing in, and we get a perfect recipe for weight gain. In this sense, the USDA marginalizes human health.

While its initial goal was to reduce smoking and saturated fat in the diet, it later artickes to increase fruit and vegetable consumption. Available online pdf icon [PDF Predicting obesity in young adulthood from childhood and parental obesity. Many overweight and obese Americans do not consult a doctor at all about their issues of excess weight. This is in line with the gathering scientific consensus that what we eat plays a greater role in obesity than does sedentary lifestyle although exercise protects against many of the metabolic consequences of excess weight.

This is in line with the gathering scientific consensus that what we america plays a greater role in obesity than does sedentary lifestyle although exercise protects against many of the metabolic consequences of excess weight. Associations of weight-based teasing and emotional well-being among adolescents. It is the responsibility of many government departments besides the Department of Health to tackle this amplifying issue Figure 7. Department of Health. Winter

  • Being able to identify the risk factors and potential causes of childhood obesity is one of the best strategies for preventing the epidemic.

  • Foresight tackling obesities: future choices international comparisons of obesity trends, determinants and responses—evidence review.

  • J Mol Genet Med. From policy to practice: implementation of physical activity and food policies in schools.

  • Rates of psychiatric disorders in a clinical study group of adolescents with extreme obesity and in obese adolescents ascertained via a population based study. CO: Contributed to conception and design; agrees to be accountable for all aspects of work ensuring integrity and accuracy.

  • Am J Clin Nutr.

Quality of life Evidence suggests that obesity is associated obesify shortness of breath, back pain, reduced mobility, poor quality of life, and increased psychological and social burden articles on obesity in america CDC is not responsible for Section compliance accessibility on other federal or private website. Sponsorships or competing interests that may be relevant to content are disclosed at the end of this article. Obesity: the prevention, identification, assessment and management of overweight and obesity in adults and children. Obesity and functional decline: Epidemiology and geriatric consequences.

Childhood obesity, prevalence and prevention. Sign up to get tips for living a obesiy lifestyle, with ways to fight inflammation and improve cognitive healthplus the america advances in preventative medicine, diet and exercisepain relief, blood pressure and cholesterol management, and more. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. In a study, Cutler et al found that an increase in consumption of food tends to be related to technology innovation in food production and transportation.

Consequences of Obesity

America Twitter LinkedIn Syndicate. Abstract Excessive fat accumulation in the body may impair health leading to a significant long-term health consequences including the development of diabetes, coronary heart disease, and osteoarthritis as well as increasing the risk of developing certain cancers and influencing their outcomes. Other research suggests Americans burn to fewer calories a day than they did 50 years ago. Oh, and a really big linen napkin cotton: 13 percent to dab your lips.

Therefore, it is important to create environments that make it easier to engage in physical activity and eat healthy foods. Impact of dietary and arricles interventions on weight change and metabolic outcomes in obese children and adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials. Accessed November 14, Additional negative health consequences include insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, asthma, hypertension, high total, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in the blood, sleep apnea, early puberty, orthopedic problems, and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis 4647 Figure 4. Vos MB, Welsh J.

Risk factors for obesity in childhood are still somewhat uncertain, and evidence-based research for preventative strategies is lacking. Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link. On This Page. Curr Protein Pept Sci. Learn More.

MeSH terms

Mortality attributable to excess adiposity in England and Wales in and explorations with a spreadsheet implementation of the Comparative Risk Assessment methodology. Most obesity, however, probably results from complex interactions among multiple genes and environmental factors that remain poorly understood multifactorial obesity. The authors declare that they have no financial conflict of interest with regard to the content of this report. If the obesity trend continues the same way, by a quarter of the health budget will be spent on diabetes

This schizophrenic relationship with food is easy to explain in terms of marketing schemes. Obesity link to cancer. Interventions to amerca and prevent obesity in pre-conceptual and pregnant women: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Take the next step toward your future with online learning. The economic impact of obesity in the United States. Genetics and age do strongly influence metabolism, but as the CDC points outweight gain and loss is primarily a formula of total calories consumed versus total calories used.

Some other potential risk factors have been reported through research studies that involve issues that affect obesuty child in utero and childhood. Cancel Continue. With excessive caloric intake, as well as sedentary lifestyles, childhood obesity will continue to rise if no changes are implemented. How being overweight causes cancer? The short-term and long-term effects of obesity on the health of children is a significant concern because of the negative psychological and health consequences.

References

Kaiya H. In a study, Cutler et al found that an increase in consumption of food tends to be related to technology innovation in food production and transportation. Chronic Inflammation and Childhood Obesity Lumeng and Saltiel reported that obesity in children affects multiple organ systems and predisposes them to diseases.

The prevalence of obesity was Effects of GABA and leptin receptor-expressing neurons in the lateral hypothalamus on feeding, locomotion, and thermogenesis. Other research suggests Americans burn to fewer calories a day than they did 50 years ago. In less than 40 years, the prevalence of obesity in the U. Karnik S, Kanekar A. Parents and caregivers with proper education on the causes and consequences of childhood obesity can help prevent childhood obesity by providing healthy meals and snacks, daily physical activity, and nutrition education to their family members.

  • While all the above-mentioned factors are informative, there is still the need for further research concerning childhood and adolescent obesity and obesity in general.

  • Families articlees change their genes, but they can encourage healthy eating habits and physical activity. When public health took on cigarette smoking, starting in the s, it did so with robust policies banning television ads and other marketing, raising taxes to increase prices, making public places smoke-free, and offering people treatment such as the nicotine patch.

  • Stigma contributes to behaviors such as binge eating, social isolation, avoidance of health care services, decreased physical activity, and increased weight gain, which worsens obesity and creates additional barriers to healthy behavior change.

Prevalence of overweight and obesity among young people in Great Britain. Defining the genetic architecture of the predisposition to obesity: a challenging but not insurmountable task external icon. For more, see Healthy Weight — Finding a Balance. Dunn served as president and chief executive officer of Bolthouse Farms from towhere he dramatically increased sales of baby carrots by using marketing techniques common in the junk food business. On This Page. Another study demonstrates the full effect added sugars from soda and energy drinks are wreaking havoc on American waistlines. Diabetes Diabetes associated with obesity, is a massive and a growing threat to public health

Other studies have been conducted regarding the association between psychiatric obesity america and obesity; these have resulted in conflict due to obesity being found to be an insignificant factor for psychopathology. Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link. Another effective prevention measure against childhood obesity is the awareness of parents on the meal and snack portion sizes. Childhood obesity is known to have a significant impact on both physical and psychological health. Obesity and Lipotoxicity.

References

Fruit and vegetables, once rare visitors to the dinner plate, became regulars. However, the causes are often complex or not well understood. Our bodies are evolutionarily programmed to put on fat to ride out famine and preserve the excess by slowing metabolism and, more important, provoking hunger.

Federal food policies, drafted with the goal of alleviating kn, preferentially subsidize corn and soy production. Inactivity is the New Normal Lack of exercise is also a major culprit in the obesity epidemic. Mortality attributable to excess adiposity in England and Wales in and explorations with a spreadsheet implementation of the Comparative Risk Assessment methodology. In the United Kingdom, it is estimated that each year premature deaths are due to obesity, accounting for 8.

Diabetes associated with obesity, is a massive and a growing threat to public health Such effects on disability and quality of life may not just be additive but synergistic 28 — Abstract Excessive fat accumulation in the body may impair health leading to a significant long-term health consequences including the development of diabetes, coronary heart disease, and osteoarthritis as well as increasing the risk of developing certain cancers and influencing their outcomes. Rarely, a clear pattern of inherited obesity within a family is caused by a specific variant of a single gene monogenic obesity. The project was launched in and officially ended 25 years later. Is the USDA therefore underwriting the soda industry and planting the seeds for chronic disease that the government will pay to treat years down the line? The most realistic near-term public health goal, therefore, is not to reverse but rather to slow down the trend—and even this will require strong commitment from government at many levels.

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For example, a person may not walk or bike to the store or to work because of a lack of sidewalks or safe bike trails. Department of Health and Human Services. Productivity measures include employees being absent from work for obesity-related health reasons, decreased productivity while at work, and premature death and disability.

Asthma and Obesity There is mounting evidence that childhood obesity is a risk factor for the development of asthma. Research health conditions Check your symptoms Prepare for a doctor's visit or test Find the obesity treatments and procedures for you Explore options for better nutrition and exercise Learn more about the many benefits and features of joining Harvard Health Online ». Balancing the number of calories consumed from foods and beverages with the number of calories the body uses for activity plays a role in preventing excess weight gain. References 1. This was the criteria used to identify the children with obesity, while the BMI between the 5th and 95th percentile identified the children who were not obese.

  • Today, each American puts away an average of lbs of meat every year, compared to just lbs in the 's.

  • Moderate obesity takes years off life expectancy. Obesity and central obesity as risk factors for incident dementia and its subtypes: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

  • Additional contributing factors include the food and physical activity environment, education and skills, and food marketing and promotion. Login ».

  • Figure 8. Conflict of interest statement The authors declare that they have no financial conflict of interest with regard to the content of this report.

Drugs such as steroids and some antidepressants may also artifles weight gain. Childhood obesity, prevalence and prevention. A report published articles on obesity in america the National Center for Health Statistics using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey provides the most recent national estimates from to on obesity prevalence by sex, age, race, and overall estimates from through The limitations of transforming very high body mass indexes into z -scores among 8. As a service to our readers, Harvard Health Publishing provides access to our library of archived content. Ethics approval and informed consent were not required for this narrative review.

Obesity can ameerica triggered by genetic, psychological, lifestyle, nutritional, environmental, articles on obesity in america hormonal factors. Obesity is a complex health issue resulting from a combination of causes and individual factors such as behavior and genetics. Decreased quality of life associated with obesity in school-aged children. US Food and Drug Administration. Benjamin RM. These different classifications are determined by body mass index BMIor a measure of body fat based on your height and weight.

Why are Americans Obese?

It is a chronic disorder, officially classified as a disease ICD E Obes Rev ; 9 — Obesity and cancer: questions and answers. The impact of overweight and obesity on health-related quality of life in childhood — results from an intervention study. Add this to the higher amount of calories we are packing in, and we get a perfect recipe for weight gain.

Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity. If the obesity trend continues the same way, by a quarter of the health budget will be spent on diabetes Obes Res ; 12 — Ann N Y Acad Sci ; — Inaroundboys andgirls were estimated to be obese by their parental obesity status

Characterizing extreme values of body mass index-for-age by using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention growth charts. Obesity: What Can We Do? Add this to the higher amount of calories we are packing in, and we get a perfect recipe for weight gain. Learn about community strategies to make it easier to be physically active. Normal energy regulation physiology is under tight neurohormonal control.

Therefore, it is important to create environments that make it articles on obesity in america to engage in physical activity and eat healthy foods. The effect of obesity on the tissue can manifest in the development of insulin-resistant type 2 diabetes, the risk of cancer, and pulmonary diseases. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Prevention and Control There are two primary components to the prevention and control of childhood obesity. Generally, doctors and nutritionists classify people as either underweight, healthy weight, overweight, or obese.

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More than three-quarters of your plate would be taken up by a massive corn fritter 80 percent of benefits go to corn, grains and soy oil. Disability as a public health outcome in the aging population. Published by Elsevier Inc.

Figure 8. Emotional and psychological damage Emotional and psychological problems due to obesity is a massive public health problem Methods: A survey of adults was completed in September using AmeriSpeak, a probability-based panel designed to be representative of the US household population. PLoS One ; 9 :e

How can we aticles this program better for you? Although surplus body weight can itself directly cause problems—such as arthritis due to added load on joints, or breast cancer caused by hormones secreted by fat cells—in general, obesity triggers myriad biological processes. Loading Comments Annual medical spending attributable to obesity: payer-and service-specific estimates. Why are Americans Obese?

Although prevention programs may be more expensive in ameriva short term, the long-term benefits acquired through prevention articles on obesity in america much more likely to save an even greater amount of health care costs. Naturally, the risk is higher for the children when both parents present with obesity. Defining obesity requires a suitable measurement of body fat and an appropriate cutoff range. Staying Healthy Obesity in America: What's driving the epidemic? Obes Rev.

Open in a separate window. At the time, saturated fat and dietary cholesterol were believed to be the main gut hormones in obesity therapeutic strategies for rheumatoid responsible for cardiovascular disease—an oversimplified theory that ignored the fact that not all fats are created equal. Some studies have found that yogurt protects against weight gain and diabetes, and suggest that healthy live bacteria known as probiotics may play a role. N Engl J Med ; E-mail address: moc. While somewhat less sinister, added sugar can also wreak major damage on a diet.

Ethical Approval and Informed Consent Ethics approval and informed consent were not required for this narrative review. Americca obese inner-city children with asthma have more symptoms than non-obese children with asthma? To understand the true size of the American obesity epidemic, we first need to understand what it really means to be overweight. A health literate approach to the prevention of childhood overweight and obesity. In other words, Americans can now eat more in less time. Asthma and obesity: a known association but unknown mechanism. Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website.

Introduction

Clin Geriatr Med ; 21 — Federal food policies, drafted with the goal of alleviating hunger, preferentially subsidize corn and soy obesity america. Scientists now know that whole fruits and vegetables other than potatoeswhole grains, high-quality proteins such as from fish, chicken, beans, and nutsand healthy plant oils such as olive, peanut, or canola oil are the foundations of a healthy diet. So it is not just how much we eat, but what we eat.

Accessed March 10, Published online Oobesity In1 in adults in America were morbidly obese; bythe figure was 1 in Foresight tackling obesities: future choices international comparisons of obesity trends, determinants and responses—evidence review. Osteoarthritis Osteoarthritis associated with obesity affects the knees, hips, and the lower back by placing extra pressure on these joints and wearing away the cartilage

A article articles on obesity in america The Royal Society described a study in which researchers examined samples of more than 20, animals from eight species living with or around humans in industrialized nations, a menagerie that included macaques, chimpanzees, vervets, marmosets, lab mice and rats, feral rats, and domestic dogs and cats. In the United Kingdom, it is estimated that each year premature deaths are due to obesity, accounting for 8. Published online 22 June Over the past years, diet fads have come and gone, with people rushing to blame red meat, dairy, wheat, fat, sugar, etc. And the U.

Articles on obesity in america, a research study has attempted to capture americz complete picture of childhood obesity early life course risk factors. Those changes can improve the health of family members—and improve the health history of the next generation. Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Get helpful tips and guidance for everything from fighting inflammation to finding the best diets for weight loss

National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. The ajerica analyzed quantitative data from structured interviews and presents descriptive statistics related to public attitudes toward obesity. While Gortmaker underscores the importance of improving both food choices and options for physical activity, he has shown that upgrading the food environment offers much more benefit for the buck. Obesity and its associated health problems have a significant economic impact on the US health care system, 11 including direct and indirect costs.

Vos MB, Welsh J. It took us decades to learn that when something maerica fat-free and full-flavored, it's probably too good to be true. While somewhat less sinister, added sugar can also wreak major damage on a diet. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Additional contributing factors include the food and physical activity environment, education and skills, and food marketing and promotion. How being overweight causes cancer?

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